Tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-), a pro-inflammatory cytokine considered to be implicated in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder, is a critical regulator of neuronal cell fate. In the present study we found that TNF--induced apoptosis of HT22 hippocampal cells, a neuroblast-like cell line, was markedly attenuated by the antidepressants mianserin, mirtazapine and amitriptyline. The anti-apoptotic effect of the antidepressants was blocked by either pharmacological inhibition or gene silencing of the lysophosphatidic acid receptor LPA(1). Mianserin failed to affect TNF--induced caspase 8 activation, but inhibited the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, procaspase 9 cleavage and downstream activation of caspase 3 in response to the cytokine. By acting through LPA(1), mianserin also attenuated the enhanced pro-apoptotic response induced by the combination of TNF- with other pro-inflammatory cytokines. TNF- appeared to counterbalance its own pro-apoptotic response by activating NF-kB, ERK1/2 and JNK. Antidepressants had no significant effects on NF-kB activation, but potentiated the TAK-1-dependent phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and JNK elicited by the cytokine. This synergistic interaction was associated with enhanced JNK-mediated phosphorylation of Bcl-2at Ser70 and increased ERK1/2-dependent mitochondrial accumulation of Mcl-1, two anti-apoptotic proteins that promote mitochondrial outer membrane stability. These results indicate that certain antidepressants, by activating LPA(1) signalling, protect HT22 hippocampal cells from TNF--induced apoptosis through a mechanism involving, at least in part, the potentiation of the pro-survival pathways activated by the cytokine.

Inhibition of TNF-α-induced neuronal apoptosis by antidepressants acting through the lysophosphatidic acid receptor LPA1

Olianas M. C.
Conceptualization
;
Dedoni S.
Investigation
;
Onali P.
Conceptualization
2019-01-01

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-), a pro-inflammatory cytokine considered to be implicated in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder, is a critical regulator of neuronal cell fate. In the present study we found that TNF--induced apoptosis of HT22 hippocampal cells, a neuroblast-like cell line, was markedly attenuated by the antidepressants mianserin, mirtazapine and amitriptyline. The anti-apoptotic effect of the antidepressants was blocked by either pharmacological inhibition or gene silencing of the lysophosphatidic acid receptor LPA(1). Mianserin failed to affect TNF--induced caspase 8 activation, but inhibited the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, procaspase 9 cleavage and downstream activation of caspase 3 in response to the cytokine. By acting through LPA(1), mianserin also attenuated the enhanced pro-apoptotic response induced by the combination of TNF- with other pro-inflammatory cytokines. TNF- appeared to counterbalance its own pro-apoptotic response by activating NF-kB, ERK1/2 and JNK. Antidepressants had no significant effects on NF-kB activation, but potentiated the TAK-1-dependent phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and JNK elicited by the cytokine. This synergistic interaction was associated with enhanced JNK-mediated phosphorylation of Bcl-2at Ser70 and increased ERK1/2-dependent mitochondrial accumulation of Mcl-1, two anti-apoptotic proteins that promote mitochondrial outer membrane stability. These results indicate that certain antidepressants, by activating LPA(1) signalling, protect HT22 hippocampal cells from TNF--induced apoptosis through a mechanism involving, at least in part, the potentiation of the pro-survival pathways activated by the cytokine.
2019
Antidepressants; Apoptosis; HT22 hippocampal cells; LPA; 1; TNF-α
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/279324
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