Gram-negative bacteria and their complex cell envelope, which comprises an outer membrane and an inner membrane, are an important and attractive system for studying the translocation of small molecules across biological membranes. In the outer membrane of Enterobacteriaceae, trimeric porins control the cellular uptake of small molecules, including nutrients and antibacterial agents. The relatively slow porin-mediated passive uptake across the outer membrane and active efflux via efflux pumps in the inner membrane creates a permeability barrier. The synergistic action of outer membrane permeability, efflux pump activities and enzymatic degradation efficiently reduces the intracellular concentrations of small molecules and contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In this Review, we discuss recent advances in our understanding of the molecular and functional roles of general porins in small-molecule translocation in Enterobacteriaceae and consider the crucial contribution of porins in antibiotic resistance.

Porins and small-molecule translocation across the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria

Acosta-Gutierrez S.;Ceccarelli M.;Winterhalter M.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Gram-negative bacteria and their complex cell envelope, which comprises an outer membrane and an inner membrane, are an important and attractive system for studying the translocation of small molecules across biological membranes. In the outer membrane of Enterobacteriaceae, trimeric porins control the cellular uptake of small molecules, including nutrients and antibacterial agents. The relatively slow porin-mediated passive uptake across the outer membrane and active efflux via efflux pumps in the inner membrane creates a permeability barrier. The synergistic action of outer membrane permeability, efflux pump activities and enzymatic degradation efficiently reduces the intracellular concentrations of small molecules and contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In this Review, we discuss recent advances in our understanding of the molecular and functional roles of general porins in small-molecule translocation in Enterobacteriaceae and consider the crucial contribution of porins in antibiotic resistance.
bacterial porins; antibiotics resistance; Gram negative bacteria; molecular modelling; numerical simulations; transport phenomena
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019 Vergalli.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: versione editoriale
Dimensione 3 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/282090
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 76
  • Scopus 136
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 127
social impact