Experimental evidence shows that the phenylpyrazole pesticide fipronil exerts neurotoxic effects at central level in rodents, and in particular on nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, whose degeneration is well known to cause motor and non-motor deficits in animals and in humans. In order to characterize better the central neurotoxic effect of fipronil, we injected fipronil (15 and 25 μg) dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) unilaterally into the substantia nigra of male rats. Male rats injected with DMSO unilaterally into the substantia nigra were used as controls. Control and fipronil-treated rats were then tested in different motor (i.e., open field arena, rotarod, tail flick) and non motor tests (novel object recognition, social interaction) 15 days after injection. A systemic challenge dose of the dopamine-agonist apomorphine was also used to study the presence of a rotational behavior. Sixteen days after fipronil or DMSO injection into the substantia nigra, rats were sacrificed, and either striatal dopamine content or substantia nigra tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity were measured. The results confirm that the unilateral injection of fipronil into the substantia nigra caused the degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, which leads to a decrease around 50 % in striatal dopamine content and substantia nigra TH imunoreactivity. This occurred together with changes in motor activity and coordination, and in nociception but not in recognition memory and in social interaction, as revealed by the results of the behavioral experiments performed in fipronil-treated rats compared to vehicle-treated rats 15 days after treatment, as found with other compounds that destroy nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons.

The pesticide fipronil injected into the substantia nigra of male rats decreases striatal dopamine content: a neurochemical, immunohistochemical and behavioral study

Rahul Bharatiya;Jessica Bratzu;Giulia Corda;Cristina Cocco;Antonio Argiolas;Maria Rosaria Melis
;
Fabrizio Sanna
2020-01-01

Abstract

Experimental evidence shows that the phenylpyrazole pesticide fipronil exerts neurotoxic effects at central level in rodents, and in particular on nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, whose degeneration is well known to cause motor and non-motor deficits in animals and in humans. In order to characterize better the central neurotoxic effect of fipronil, we injected fipronil (15 and 25 μg) dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) unilaterally into the substantia nigra of male rats. Male rats injected with DMSO unilaterally into the substantia nigra were used as controls. Control and fipronil-treated rats were then tested in different motor (i.e., open field arena, rotarod, tail flick) and non motor tests (novel object recognition, social interaction) 15 days after injection. A systemic challenge dose of the dopamine-agonist apomorphine was also used to study the presence of a rotational behavior. Sixteen days after fipronil or DMSO injection into the substantia nigra, rats were sacrificed, and either striatal dopamine content or substantia nigra tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity were measured. The results confirm that the unilateral injection of fipronil into the substantia nigra caused the degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, which leads to a decrease around 50 % in striatal dopamine content and substantia nigra TH imunoreactivity. This occurred together with changes in motor activity and coordination, and in nociception but not in recognition memory and in social interaction, as revealed by the results of the behavioral experiments performed in fipronil-treated rats compared to vehicle-treated rats 15 days after treatment, as found with other compounds that destroy nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons.
2020
Fipronil, Dopamine, Motor Activity, Novel Object Recognition, Social Interaction, Nociception
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/284768
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