Increasing evidence underline the role of inflammation in the behavioral, emotional and cognitive dysregulations displayed in anorexia nervosa (AN). Among the inflammatory mediators acting at both peripheral and central levels, growing attention receives a class of lipids derived from arachidonic acid (AA), called eicosanoids (eiCs), which exert a complex, multifaceted role in a wide range of neuroinflammatory processes, peripheral inflammation, and generally in immune system function. To date, little is known about their possible involvement in the neurobiological underpinnings of AN. The present study evaluated whether the activity-based model of AN (ABA) may alter AA-metabolic pathways by changing the levels of AA-derived eiCs in specific brain areas implicated in the development of the typical anorexic-like phenotype, i.e. in prefrontal cortex, cerebral cortex, nucleus accumbens, caudate putamen, amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus and cerebellum. Our results point to brain region-specific alterations of the cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (LOX) and cytochrome P450 epoxygenase (CYP) metabolic pathways rendering altered levels of AA-derived eiCs (i.e. prostaglandins, thromboxanes and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids) in response to induction of and recovery from the ABA condition. These changes, supported by altered messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of genes coding for enzymes involved in eiCs-related methabolic pathways (i.e., PLA2, COX-2, 5-LOX and 15-LOX), underlie a widespread brain dysregulation of pro- and anti-inflammatory eiC-mediated processes in the ABA model of AN. These data suggest the importance of eiCs signaling within corticolimbic areas in regulating key neurobehavioral functions and highlight eiCs as biomarker candidates for monitoring the onset and development of AN, and/or as possible targets for pharmacological management.

Altered brain levels of arachidonic acid-derived inflammatory eicosanoids in a rodent model of anorexia nervosa

Scherma M.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Fratta W.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lutz B.;Fadda P.
Supervision
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Increasing evidence underline the role of inflammation in the behavioral, emotional and cognitive dysregulations displayed in anorexia nervosa (AN). Among the inflammatory mediators acting at both peripheral and central levels, growing attention receives a class of lipids derived from arachidonic acid (AA), called eicosanoids (eiCs), which exert a complex, multifaceted role in a wide range of neuroinflammatory processes, peripheral inflammation, and generally in immune system function. To date, little is known about their possible involvement in the neurobiological underpinnings of AN. The present study evaluated whether the activity-based model of AN (ABA) may alter AA-metabolic pathways by changing the levels of AA-derived eiCs in specific brain areas implicated in the development of the typical anorexic-like phenotype, i.e. in prefrontal cortex, cerebral cortex, nucleus accumbens, caudate putamen, amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus and cerebellum. Our results point to brain region-specific alterations of the cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (LOX) and cytochrome P450 epoxygenase (CYP) metabolic pathways rendering altered levels of AA-derived eiCs (i.e. prostaglandins, thromboxanes and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids) in response to induction of and recovery from the ABA condition. These changes, supported by altered messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of genes coding for enzymes involved in eiCs-related methabolic pathways (i.e., PLA2, COX-2, 5-LOX and 15-LOX), underlie a widespread brain dysregulation of pro- and anti-inflammatory eiC-mediated processes in the ABA model of AN. These data suggest the importance of eiCs signaling within corticolimbic areas in regulating key neurobehavioral functions and highlight eiCs as biomarker candidates for monitoring the onset and development of AN, and/or as possible targets for pharmacological management.
Activity-based anorexia; Anorexia nervosa; Eicosanoids; Inflammation; LC-MRM; Lipidomics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/286354
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