Leiomyosarcoma is a relatively rare soft tissue tumor whose clear-cell variant has only been reported in leiomyosarcomas of the uterus. We report here for the first time a primary cutaneous clear-cell leiomyosarcoma in the trunk skin of a 49-year-old man, characterized by a very indolent clinical and dermoscopic presentation, mimicking a dermatofibroma. Genetic analysis of the otherwise healthy patient revealed a germline mutation in the retinoblastoma 1 gene (RB1); the same mutation was found in his son, who had previously developed retinoblastoma. Moreover, the mother of the patient had died of uterine leiomyosarcoma with clear-cell changes. Mutations in the RB1 gene occur commonly in human neoplasms. In this patient, we were able to link his clear-cell variant of cutaneous leiomyosarcoma with the loss of retinoblastoma protein expression, as revealed by immunohistochemical staining analysis.

Clear-cell variant of superficial cutaneous leiomyosarcoma associated with RB1 mutation: Clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathological characteristics

Atzori L.
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Pilloni L.
Secondo
Data Curation
;
Ferreli C.
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rongioletti F.
Ultimo
Supervision
2020-01-01

Abstract

Leiomyosarcoma is a relatively rare soft tissue tumor whose clear-cell variant has only been reported in leiomyosarcomas of the uterus. We report here for the first time a primary cutaneous clear-cell leiomyosarcoma in the trunk skin of a 49-year-old man, characterized by a very indolent clinical and dermoscopic presentation, mimicking a dermatofibroma. Genetic analysis of the otherwise healthy patient revealed a germline mutation in the retinoblastoma 1 gene (RB1); the same mutation was found in his son, who had previously developed retinoblastoma. Moreover, the mother of the patient had died of uterine leiomyosarcoma with clear-cell changes. Mutations in the RB1 gene occur commonly in human neoplasms. In this patient, we were able to link his clear-cell variant of cutaneous leiomyosarcoma with the loss of retinoblastoma protein expression, as revealed by immunohistochemical staining analysis.
clear-cell leiomyosarcoma; dermoscopy; RB1 gene mutation; superficial cutaneous leiomyosarcoma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/287558
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