This paper presents the first measurements of the charge independent (CI) and charge dependent (CD) two-particle transverse momentum correlators G(2)(CI) and G(2)(CD) in Pb-Pb collisions at root sNN= 2.76 TeVby the ALICE collaboration. The two-particle transverse momentum correlator G(2) was introduced as a measure of the momentum current transfer between neighboringsystem cells. The correlators are measured as a function of pair separation in pseudorapidity (Delta eta) and azimuth (Delta phi) and as a function of collision centrality. From peripheral to central collisions, the correlator G(2)(CI) exhibits a longitudinal broadening while undergoing a monotonic azimuthal narrowing. By contrast, G(2)(CD) exhibits a narrowing along both dimensions. These features are not reproduced by models such as HIJING and AMPT. However, the observed narrowing of the correlators from peripheral to central collisions is expected to result from the stronger transverse flow profiles produced in more central collisions and the longitudinal broadening is predicted to be sensitive to momentum currents and the shear viscosity per unit of entropy density./sof the matter produced in the collisions. The observed broadening is found to be consistent with the hypothesized lower bound of eta/s and is in qualitative agreement with values obtained from anisotropic flow measurements.

Longitudinal and azimuthal evolution of two-particle transverse momentum correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN)=2.76 TeV

Casula, E. A. R.;Chauvin, A.;De Falco, A.;Fionda, F. M.;Paul, B.;Usai, G. L.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents the first measurements of the charge independent (CI) and charge dependent (CD) two-particle transverse momentum correlators G(2)(CI) and G(2)(CD) in Pb-Pb collisions at root sNN= 2.76 TeVby the ALICE collaboration. The two-particle transverse momentum correlator G(2) was introduced as a measure of the momentum current transfer between neighboringsystem cells. The correlators are measured as a function of pair separation in pseudorapidity (Delta eta) and azimuth (Delta phi) and as a function of collision centrality. From peripheral to central collisions, the correlator G(2)(CI) exhibits a longitudinal broadening while undergoing a monotonic azimuthal narrowing. By contrast, G(2)(CD) exhibits a narrowing along both dimensions. These features are not reproduced by models such as HIJING and AMPT. However, the observed narrowing of the correlators from peripheral to central collisions is expected to result from the stronger transverse flow profiles produced in more central collisions and the longitudinal broadening is predicted to be sensitive to momentum currents and the shear viscosity per unit of entropy density./sof the matter produced in the collisions. The observed broadening is found to be consistent with the hypothesized lower bound of eta/s and is in qualitative agreement with values obtained from anisotropic flow measurements.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/296416
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