In the prevention of epidemic and pandemic emerging and neglected viral infections, natural products are an important source of lead compounds. Hornstedtia bella Škorničkis is a rhizomatous herb growing in the forest of central Vietnam. Hornstedtia bella essential oil (Hb EO) was recently characterised by our group as endowed of antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin-Resistant strains. Here, we describe for the first time the evaluation of Hb EO against a spectrum of viruses responsible for important human diseases. Hb EO resulted active against Vaccinia virus (VV) (EC50 values 80 μg/mL), closely related to variola virus, causative agent of smallpox. Hb EO was able to strongly reduce the viral VV titer in cell-based assay at not cytotoxic concentration and its potential mode of action was characterised by virucidal activity evaluation followed by time-of-addition assay. Furthermore, Hb EO antiviral activity was implemented in a combination study with the mycophenolic acid.

Antiviral effect of Hornstedtia bella Škorničk essential oil from the whole plant against vaccinia virus (VV)

Sanna G
Primo
;
Serreli G;
2021-01-01

Abstract

In the prevention of epidemic and pandemic emerging and neglected viral infections, natural products are an important source of lead compounds. Hornstedtia bella Škorničkis is a rhizomatous herb growing in the forest of central Vietnam. Hornstedtia bella essential oil (Hb EO) was recently characterised by our group as endowed of antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin-Resistant strains. Here, we describe for the first time the evaluation of Hb EO against a spectrum of viruses responsible for important human diseases. Hb EO resulted active against Vaccinia virus (VV) (EC50 values 80 μg/mL), closely related to variola virus, causative agent of smallpox. Hb EO was able to strongly reduce the viral VV titer in cell-based assay at not cytotoxic concentration and its potential mode of action was characterised by virucidal activity evaluation followed by time-of-addition assay. Furthermore, Hb EO antiviral activity was implemented in a combination study with the mycophenolic acid.
2021
Viral infections, antiviral activity, essential oil, time of addition, vaccinia virus, combinations studies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/297953
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