A conceptual lumped ecohydrological streamflow model (EHSMu) is presented as a promising tool to simulate runoff in urban catchments. The model, based on the interaction between a soil bucket and two linear reservoirs, enables also evapotranspiration and aquifer recharge to be estimated. Notwithstanding its minimalism, EHSMu describes interactions among soil moisture dynamics, hydrological fluxes and ecological processes. The model was calibrated and validated within two densely urbanized sub-basins in Charlotte (US). A Monte Carlo procedure is used to investigate the efficiency of random sets of 8 model parameters. Results show the high model performance (NSE = 0.72). The influence of land use change is evaluated, by varying the imperviousness and crop coefficients. Synthetic experiments show that increasing urbanization triggers a linear decrease in evapotranspiration and aquifer recharge, while it increases the fast runoff. An opposite response is achieved by installing vegetation with higher potential evapotranspiration, which would contribute to the actual evapotranspiration making up 50–55% of the total water balance.

EHSMu: a New Ecohydrological Streamflow Model to Estimate Runoff in Urban Areas

Cristiano E.;Deidda R.;Viola F.
2020

Abstract

A conceptual lumped ecohydrological streamflow model (EHSMu) is presented as a promising tool to simulate runoff in urban catchments. The model, based on the interaction between a soil bucket and two linear reservoirs, enables also evapotranspiration and aquifer recharge to be estimated. Notwithstanding its minimalism, EHSMu describes interactions among soil moisture dynamics, hydrological fluxes and ecological processes. The model was calibrated and validated within two densely urbanized sub-basins in Charlotte (US). A Monte Carlo procedure is used to investigate the efficiency of random sets of 8 model parameters. Results show the high model performance (NSE = 0.72). The influence of land use change is evaluated, by varying the imperviousness and crop coefficients. Synthetic experiments show that increasing urbanization triggers a linear decrease in evapotranspiration and aquifer recharge, while it increases the fast runoff. An opposite response is achieved by installing vegetation with higher potential evapotranspiration, which would contribute to the actual evapotranspiration making up 50–55% of the total water balance.
Hydrological modelling; Rainfall-runoff modelling; Ecohydrology; Urban areas
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/299860
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