Metabolomics represents a promising non-invasive approach that can be applied to identify biochemical changes in colorectal cancer patients (CRC) and is potentially useful for diagnosis and follow-up. Despite the literature regarding metabolomics CRC-specific profiles, discrimination between metabolic changes specifically related to CRC and intra-individual variability is still a problem to be solved. This was a preliminary case-control study, in which 1H-NMR spectroscopy combined with multivariate statistical analysis was used to profile urine metabolites in subjects undergoing colonoscopy for colon cancer diagnosis. To reduce intra-individual variability, metabolic profiles were evaluated in participants’ urine samples, collected just before the colonoscopy and after a short-term dietary regimen required for the endoscopy procedure. Data obtained highlighted different urinary metabolic profiles between CRC and unaffected subjects (C). The metabolites altered in the CRC urine (acetoacetate, creatine, creatinine, histamine, phenylacetylglycine, and tryptophan) significantly correlated with colon cancer and discriminated with accuracy CRC patients from C patients (receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.875; 95% CI: 0.667–1). These results confirm that urinary metabolomic analysis can be a valid tool to improve CRC diagnosis, prognosis, and response to therapy, representing a noninvasive approach that could precede more invasive tests.

Urinary 1H-NMR Metabolic Signature in Subjects Undergoing Colonoscopy for Colon Cancer Diagnosis

Piras C;Leoni VP;Restivo A;Fanos V;Mussap M;Zorcolo L;Atzori L
2020-01-01

Abstract

Metabolomics represents a promising non-invasive approach that can be applied to identify biochemical changes in colorectal cancer patients (CRC) and is potentially useful for diagnosis and follow-up. Despite the literature regarding metabolomics CRC-specific profiles, discrimination between metabolic changes specifically related to CRC and intra-individual variability is still a problem to be solved. This was a preliminary case-control study, in which 1H-NMR spectroscopy combined with multivariate statistical analysis was used to profile urine metabolites in subjects undergoing colonoscopy for colon cancer diagnosis. To reduce intra-individual variability, metabolic profiles were evaluated in participants’ urine samples, collected just before the colonoscopy and after a short-term dietary regimen required for the endoscopy procedure. Data obtained highlighted different urinary metabolic profiles between CRC and unaffected subjects (C). The metabolites altered in the CRC urine (acetoacetate, creatine, creatinine, histamine, phenylacetylglycine, and tryptophan) significantly correlated with colon cancer and discriminated with accuracy CRC patients from C patients (receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.875; 95% CI: 0.667–1). These results confirm that urinary metabolomic analysis can be a valid tool to improve CRC diagnosis, prognosis, and response to therapy, representing a noninvasive approach that could precede more invasive tests.
Metabolomics; Colorectal cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/304386
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