Cardiovascular regulation is altered by type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), producing an abnormal response to muscle metaboreflex. During physical exercise, cerebral blood flow is impaired in patients with DM2, and this phenomenon may reduce cerebral oxygenation (COX). We hypothesized that the simultaneous execution of a mental task (MT) and metaboreflex activation would reduce COX in patients with DM2. Thirteen individuals suffering from DM2 (6 women) and 13 normal age-matched controls (CTL, 6 women) participated in this study. They underwent five different tests, each lasting 12 min: postexercise muscle ischemia (PEMI) to activate the metaboreflex, control exercise recovery (CER), PEMI + MT, CER + MT, and MT alone. COX was evaluated using near-infrared spectroscopy with sensors applied to the forehead. Central hemodynamics was assessed using impedance cardiography. We found that when MT was superimposed on the PEMI-induced metaboreflex, patients with DM2 could not increase COX to the same extent reached by the CTL group (101.13% ± 1.08% vs. 104.23% ± 2.51%, P < 0.05). Moreover, patients with DM2 had higher mean blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance as well as lower stroke volume and cardiac output levels compared with the CTL group, throughout our experiments. It was concluded that patients with DM2 had reduced capacity to enhance COX when undertaking an MT during metaboreflex. Results also confirm that patients with DM2 had dysregulated hemodynamics during metaboreflex, with exaggerated blood pressure response and vasoconstriction. This may have implications for these patients' lack of inclination to exercise.

Combined mental task and metaboreflex impair cerebral oxygenation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Pinna V.;Doneddu A.;Roberto S.;Magnani S.;Ghiani G.;Mulliri G.;Sanna I.;Milia R.;Fadda D.;Lecis R.;Guicciardi M.;Crisafulli A.
2021

Abstract

Cardiovascular regulation is altered by type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), producing an abnormal response to muscle metaboreflex. During physical exercise, cerebral blood flow is impaired in patients with DM2, and this phenomenon may reduce cerebral oxygenation (COX). We hypothesized that the simultaneous execution of a mental task (MT) and metaboreflex activation would reduce COX in patients with DM2. Thirteen individuals suffering from DM2 (6 women) and 13 normal age-matched controls (CTL, 6 women) participated in this study. They underwent five different tests, each lasting 12 min: postexercise muscle ischemia (PEMI) to activate the metaboreflex, control exercise recovery (CER), PEMI + MT, CER + MT, and MT alone. COX was evaluated using near-infrared spectroscopy with sensors applied to the forehead. Central hemodynamics was assessed using impedance cardiography. We found that when MT was superimposed on the PEMI-induced metaboreflex, patients with DM2 could not increase COX to the same extent reached by the CTL group (101.13% ± 1.08% vs. 104.23% ± 2.51%, P < 0.05). Moreover, patients with DM2 had higher mean blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance as well as lower stroke volume and cardiac output levels compared with the CTL group, throughout our experiments. It was concluded that patients with DM2 had reduced capacity to enhance COX when undertaking an MT during metaboreflex. Results also confirm that patients with DM2 had dysregulated hemodynamics during metaboreflex, with exaggerated blood pressure response and vasoconstriction. This may have implications for these patients' lack of inclination to exercise.
blood pressure; cardiovascular regulation; cerebral blood flow; stroke volume; systemic vascular resistance
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/316696
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