Background Despite the XEN gel stent low-risk profile, various complications following the implant have been described, including internal and external occlusion, with a consequent postoperative rise in intraocular pressure (IOP). In this case report we aimed to present a XEN45 stent internal occlusion successfully treated by trimming in situ its proximal end with a 25 G vitreous scissors using a bimanual technique. Case presentation A 63-year-old male patient affected by primary open angle glaucoma (IOP = 25 mmHg) and a full thickness macular hole in his right eye, underwent ab-interno Xen gel stent implantation and, 1 month later, a 25 G vitrectomy surgery. Despite a significant IOP reduction after stent implant, 6 days after vitrectomy, IOP increased (25 mmHg) and the conjunctival bleb flattened following occlusion of stent internal ostium by a clot of presumed fibrinous material. The Nd:YAG laser failed to remove the clot, so that we decided to snip a small bit of the proximal end of the Xen tube (about 0,5 mm length) with a 25 G vitreous scissors, using a bimanual technique. In the postoperative day 1 and month 1, the IOP was 8 mmHg and 12 mmHg, respectively. The Anterior Segment OCT confirmed a functional, layered, filtering bleb, and the normal appearance and patency of the XEN proximal segment. No side effects from the intervention were observed. Conclusions Ab interno trimming with vitreous scissors of the occluded proximal end of the XEN stent may represent a safe, rapid and efficient method to restore aqueous humor subconjunctival drainage.

Xen45 gel stent ab interno trimming for ostium occlusion: case report

Filippo Tatti;Pietro Gentile;Lorenzo Mangoni;Giuseppe Demarinis;Pietro Napoli;Maurizio Fossarello
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background Despite the XEN gel stent low-risk profile, various complications following the implant have been described, including internal and external occlusion, with a consequent postoperative rise in intraocular pressure (IOP). In this case report we aimed to present a XEN45 stent internal occlusion successfully treated by trimming in situ its proximal end with a 25 G vitreous scissors using a bimanual technique. Case presentation A 63-year-old male patient affected by primary open angle glaucoma (IOP = 25 mmHg) and a full thickness macular hole in his right eye, underwent ab-interno Xen gel stent implantation and, 1 month later, a 25 G vitrectomy surgery. Despite a significant IOP reduction after stent implant, 6 days after vitrectomy, IOP increased (25 mmHg) and the conjunctival bleb flattened following occlusion of stent internal ostium by a clot of presumed fibrinous material. The Nd:YAG laser failed to remove the clot, so that we decided to snip a small bit of the proximal end of the Xen tube (about 0,5 mm length) with a 25 G vitreous scissors, using a bimanual technique. In the postoperative day 1 and month 1, the IOP was 8 mmHg and 12 mmHg, respectively. The Anterior Segment OCT confirmed a functional, layered, filtering bleb, and the normal appearance and patency of the XEN proximal segment. No side effects from the intervention were observed. Conclusions Ab interno trimming with vitreous scissors of the occluded proximal end of the XEN stent may represent a safe, rapid and efficient method to restore aqueous humor subconjunctival drainage.
2021
Glaucoma; MIGS; XEN; Complications; Case report
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/326067
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