Purpose: To study for the first time the incidence of adult-onset CNS tumors in Southern Sardinia, Italy. Methods: Clinical records of patients > 18 years old who were diagnosed with primary CNS tumors during 2016–2019 in the study area were reviewed. Meningiomas, cranial/paraspinal nerve tumors, lymphomas, and pituitary tumors were excluded. Cases were classified according to the 2016 WHO classification of CNS tumors and to the morphology codes from the International Classification of Diseases—Oncology, third edition. Age-adjusted incidence rates were calculated by the direct method to the 2011–2020 European standard population. Kulldorff’s spatial scan statistic was used to identify geographic clusters of patients who shared increased/decreased tendency to develop CNS tumors. Results: CNS tumors were diagnosed in 234 incident patients, but histological diagnosis was available in 222/234 patients (95%) aged 64.3 ± 13.5 years at diagnosis. Crude incidence rate was 7.1 per 100,000 persons-year (95% CI, 6.2–8.1), 6.2 per 100,000 persons-year (95% CI, 5.4–7.0) when age-adjusted. CNS tumors were more frequent in men and after age 40. Glioblastoma accounted for 76% of the total (adjusted rate, 4.7 per 100,000 persons-year; 95% CI, 4.0–5.4). Spatial analysis revealed geographic variations of glioblastoma incidence within the study area. Conclusion: Although the distribution of tumor diagnoses in Sardinia reflects expected age and gender-related patterns in western populations, our findings would indicate a slightly higher incidence of glial tumors, glioblastoma in particular, in Sardinia than in other European countries. The identification of spatial clusters of high/low risk will serve as a resource for etiological research.

Incidence and spatial distribution of adult-onset primary malignant and other central nervous system tumors in Southern Sardinia, Italy

Pierri V.
Primo
;
Dagostino S.;Ercoli T.;Piga G.;Melas V.;Maleci A.;Defazio G.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To study for the first time the incidence of adult-onset CNS tumors in Southern Sardinia, Italy. Methods: Clinical records of patients > 18 years old who were diagnosed with primary CNS tumors during 2016–2019 in the study area were reviewed. Meningiomas, cranial/paraspinal nerve tumors, lymphomas, and pituitary tumors were excluded. Cases were classified according to the 2016 WHO classification of CNS tumors and to the morphology codes from the International Classification of Diseases—Oncology, third edition. Age-adjusted incidence rates were calculated by the direct method to the 2011–2020 European standard population. Kulldorff’s spatial scan statistic was used to identify geographic clusters of patients who shared increased/decreased tendency to develop CNS tumors. Results: CNS tumors were diagnosed in 234 incident patients, but histological diagnosis was available in 222/234 patients (95%) aged 64.3 ± 13.5 years at diagnosis. Crude incidence rate was 7.1 per 100,000 persons-year (95% CI, 6.2–8.1), 6.2 per 100,000 persons-year (95% CI, 5.4–7.0) when age-adjusted. CNS tumors were more frequent in men and after age 40. Glioblastoma accounted for 76% of the total (adjusted rate, 4.7 per 100,000 persons-year; 95% CI, 4.0–5.4). Spatial analysis revealed geographic variations of glioblastoma incidence within the study area. Conclusion: Although the distribution of tumor diagnoses in Sardinia reflects expected age and gender-related patterns in western populations, our findings would indicate a slightly higher incidence of glial tumors, glioblastoma in particular, in Sardinia than in other European countries. The identification of spatial clusters of high/low risk will serve as a resource for etiological research.
CNS tumors; epidemiology; incidence; Sardinia; adolescent; adult; brain neoplasms; central nervous system neoplasms; humans; incidence; Italy; male; meningeal neoplasms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/327232
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