3-Hydroxykynurenine is a tryptophan metabolite with an o-aminophenol structure. It is both a tyrosinase activator and a substrate, reducing the lag phase, stimulating the monophenolase activity, and being oxidized to xanthommatin. In the early stage of monophenol hydroxylation, catechol accumulation takes place, whereas 3-hydroxykynurenine is substantially unchanged and no significant amounts of the o-quinone are produced. These results suggest an activating action of 3-hydroxykynurenine toward o-hydroxylation of monophenols. 3-Hydroxykynurenine could therefore well act as a physiological device to control phenolics metabolism to catechols and quinonoids. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

3-Hydroxykynurenine as a substrate/activator for mushroom tyrosinase

SANJUST, ENRICO;CURRELI, NICOLETTA;RESCIGNO, ANTONIO
2003

Abstract

3-Hydroxykynurenine is a tryptophan metabolite with an o-aminophenol structure. It is both a tyrosinase activator and a substrate, reducing the lag phase, stimulating the monophenolase activity, and being oxidized to xanthommatin. In the early stage of monophenol hydroxylation, catechol accumulation takes place, whereas 3-hydroxykynurenine is substantially unchanged and no significant amounts of the o-quinone are produced. These results suggest an activating action of 3-hydroxykynurenine toward o-hydroxylation of monophenols. 3-Hydroxykynurenine could therefore well act as a physiological device to control phenolics metabolism to catechols and quinonoids. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/32898
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact