In the present work, we use a merger of computational and biochemical techniques as a rational guideline for structural modification of benzofuran derivatives to find pertinent structural features for the butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and selectivity. Previously, we revealed a series of 2-phenylbenzofuran compounds that displayed a selective inhibitory activity for BChE. Here, in an effort to discover novel selective BChE inhibitors with favorable physicochemical and pharmacokinetic profiles, 2-benzylbenzofurans were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as BChE inhibitors. The 2-phenylbenzofuran scaffold structure is modified by introducing one methylene spacer between the benzofuran core and the 2-phenyl ring with a hydroxyl substituent in the para or meta position. Either position 5 or 7 of the benzofuran scaffold was substituted with a bromine or chlorine atom. Further assessment of the selected list of compounds indicated that the substituent’s nature and position determined their activity and selectivity. 5-bromo-2-(4-hydroxybenzyl)benzofuran 9B proved to be the most potent butyrylcholinesterase inhibitor (IC50 = 2.93 µM) of the studied series. Computational studies were carried out to correlate the theoretical and experimental binding affinity of the compounds to the BChE protein.

Structural insight of new butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors based on benzylbenzofuran scaffold

Giovanna L. Delogu
Primo
;
Antonella Fais
Secondo
;
Francesca Pintus;Benedetta Era
Penultimo
;
Amit Kumar
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

In the present work, we use a merger of computational and biochemical techniques as a rational guideline for structural modification of benzofuran derivatives to find pertinent structural features for the butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and selectivity. Previously, we revealed a series of 2-phenylbenzofuran compounds that displayed a selective inhibitory activity for BChE. Here, in an effort to discover novel selective BChE inhibitors with favorable physicochemical and pharmacokinetic profiles, 2-benzylbenzofurans were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as BChE inhibitors. The 2-phenylbenzofuran scaffold structure is modified by introducing one methylene spacer between the benzofuran core and the 2-phenyl ring with a hydroxyl substituent in the para or meta position. Either position 5 or 7 of the benzofuran scaffold was substituted with a bromine or chlorine atom. Further assessment of the selected list of compounds indicated that the substituent’s nature and position determined their activity and selectivity. 5-bromo-2-(4-hydroxybenzyl)benzofuran 9B proved to be the most potent butyrylcholinesterase inhibitor (IC50 = 2.93 µM) of the studied series. Computational studies were carried out to correlate the theoretical and experimental binding affinity of the compounds to the BChE protein.
2022
benzylbenzofuran; butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors; docking studies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/329531
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