Overdetermined systems of first kind integral equations appear in many applications. When the right-hand side is discretized, the resulting finite-data problem is ill-posed and admits infinitely many solutions. We propose a numerical method to compute the minimal-norm solution in the presence of boundary constraints. The algorithm stems from the Riesz representation theorem and operates in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Since the resulting linear system is strongly ill-conditioned, we construct a regularization method depending on a discrete parameter. It is based on the expansion of the minimal-norm solution in terms of the singular functions of the integral operator defining the problem. Two estimation techniques are tested for the automatic determination of the regularization parameter, namely, the discrepancy principle and the L-curve method. Numerical results concerning two artificial test problems demonstrate the excellent performance of the proposed method. Finally, a particular model typical of geophysical applications, which reproduces the readings of a frequency domain electromagnetic induction device, is investigated. The results show that the new method is extremely effective when the sought solution is smooth, but produces significant information even for non-smooth solutions.

Regularized minimal-norm solution of an overdetermined system of first kind integral equations

Diaz de Alba P.;Fermo L.;Pes F.
;
Rodriguez G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Overdetermined systems of first kind integral equations appear in many applications. When the right-hand side is discretized, the resulting finite-data problem is ill-posed and admits infinitely many solutions. We propose a numerical method to compute the minimal-norm solution in the presence of boundary constraints. The algorithm stems from the Riesz representation theorem and operates in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Since the resulting linear system is strongly ill-conditioned, we construct a regularization method depending on a discrete parameter. It is based on the expansion of the minimal-norm solution in terms of the singular functions of the integral operator defining the problem. Two estimation techniques are tested for the automatic determination of the regularization parameter, namely, the discrepancy principle and the L-curve method. Numerical results concerning two artificial test problems demonstrate the excellent performance of the proposed method. Finally, a particular model typical of geophysical applications, which reproduces the readings of a frequency domain electromagnetic induction device, is investigated. The results show that the new method is extremely effective when the sought solution is smooth, but produces significant information even for non-smooth solutions.
2023
FDEM induction; Fredholm integral equations; Linear inverse problems; Regularization; Reproducing kernel Hilbert space; Riesz representation theorem
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/332907
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