In this work, a novel method was proposed for the conversion of waste cooking oil into biodiesel. A two-step approach based on a pretreatment with AlCl3•6H2O to convert FFA into the relevant methyl esters, followed by the complete transesterification of glycerides, under KOH catalysis in a reactive distillation column, was considered. The pretreatment with AlCl3•6H2O allowed to obtain two different phases: an oily phase, rich in FAME and triacylglycerols and with a very limited content of water (100 ppm), and residual FFA (1 mgKOH /goil), and a methanol phase, in which most of the catalyst, water and monoacylglycerols were dissolved in. The esterified stream was characterized by its composition and used to obtain new kinetic parameters to be used in the setting of the reactive distillation. The reactive distillation column was proved to be efficient in obtaining a biodiesel stream with a purity requirement conform to the EN14214 standards. The transesterification step was characterized by a specific heating requirement of 701.3 kJ per kg of biodiesel produced.

Hydrated metal salt pretreatment and alkali catalyzed reactive distillation: A two-step production of waste cooking oil biodiesel

Tronci S.
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

In this work, a novel method was proposed for the conversion of waste cooking oil into biodiesel. A two-step approach based on a pretreatment with AlCl3•6H2O to convert FFA into the relevant methyl esters, followed by the complete transesterification of glycerides, under KOH catalysis in a reactive distillation column, was considered. The pretreatment with AlCl3•6H2O allowed to obtain two different phases: an oily phase, rich in FAME and triacylglycerols and with a very limited content of water (100 ppm), and residual FFA (1 mgKOH /goil), and a methanol phase, in which most of the catalyst, water and monoacylglycerols were dissolved in. The esterified stream was characterized by its composition and used to obtain new kinetic parameters to be used in the setting of the reactive distillation. The reactive distillation column was proved to be efficient in obtaining a biodiesel stream with a purity requirement conform to the EN14214 standards. The transesterification step was characterized by a specific heating requirement of 701.3 kJ per kg of biodiesel produced.
Biodiesel; Waste cooking oil; Pretreatment; Reactive distillation; Kinetics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/341955
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