Very sensitive structural health monitoring methods are needed to detect barely visible impact damage in composite materials. Based on extracting non-linear modulated components from the frequency response of the damaged system, vibro-acoustic modulation (VAM) has shown to be effective in identifying the presence of damage at its early stage. A decisive role in the success of this technique is played by the choice of the high-frequency probe and the low-frequency pump sinusoidal signals that simultaneously excites the system. This study explores how the position of the sensing transducer, with respect to the modal shape of the pump excitation, may influence the sensitivity of the VAM technique for impact damage detection in composite laminates. This aspect has been scarcely investigated in previous research works, as other studies have focused more on the role of the probe frequency. Here, VAM tests were performed on a composite beam by using a frequency-swept pump vibration simultaneously with a high frequency probe excitation. The results of the experimental tests indicate that the VAM technique is capable of clearly revealing the presence of impact damage only when the sensor is placed on appropriate locations, which are directly related to the shape of the deformation activated by the applied excitation. These results suggest the adoption of low frequency excitations that activate multiple modal shapes to improve the effectiveness and reliability of VAM approaches.

Influence of Sensor Position and Low-Frequency Modal Shape on the Sensitivity of Vibro-Acoustic Modulation for Impact Damage Detection in Composite Materials.

Gabriela Loi
Primo
;
Francesco Aymerich
Secondo
;
Maria Cristina Porcu
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Very sensitive structural health monitoring methods are needed to detect barely visible impact damage in composite materials. Based on extracting non-linear modulated components from the frequency response of the damaged system, vibro-acoustic modulation (VAM) has shown to be effective in identifying the presence of damage at its early stage. A decisive role in the success of this technique is played by the choice of the high-frequency probe and the low-frequency pump sinusoidal signals that simultaneously excites the system. This study explores how the position of the sensing transducer, with respect to the modal shape of the pump excitation, may influence the sensitivity of the VAM technique for impact damage detection in composite laminates. This aspect has been scarcely investigated in previous research works, as other studies have focused more on the role of the probe frequency. Here, VAM tests were performed on a composite beam by using a frequency-swept pump vibration simultaneously with a high frequency probe excitation. The results of the experimental tests indicate that the VAM technique is capable of clearly revealing the presence of impact damage only when the sensor is placed on appropriate locations, which are directly related to the shape of the deformation activated by the applied excitation. These results suggest the adoption of low frequency excitations that activate multiple modal shapes to improve the effectiveness and reliability of VAM approaches.
structural health monitoring; impact damage detection; vibro-acoustic modulation; swept pump excitation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/342092
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