The blaZ gene contained in a single 17.2-kb beta-lactamase plasmid from a borderline methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus strain (a53) has been cloned in Escherichia coli. A Bluescript II derivative in which the ampicillin resistance gene has been replaced with the chloramphenicol resistance gene was used as a multi-copy vector. One ampicillin-resistant colony was detected among 31 chloramphenicol-resistant transformants selected. This E. coli clone harbored a recombinant plasmid (pAH12) containing two different staphylococcal HindIII inserts (7.0 and 5.3 kb), of which only the former hybridized with a blaZ probe. The clone showed an ampicillin MIC of > 1024 micrograms ml-1, independently of the inoculum size used, and produced large amounts of beta-lactamase, which hydrolyzed nitrocefin and penicillin G but not methicillin of the beta-lactamase substrate, padac. In contrast, S. aureus a53 hydrolyzed all four substrates. The fact that high levels of staphylococcal penicillinase are unable to cause methicillin hydrolysis confirms that penicillinase hyperproduction is unlikely to be the true mechanism responsible for the borderline phenotype. These results also suggest that the two different beta-lactamases (penicillinase and methicillinase) associated with borderline S. aureus strains have a different genetic origin.
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|Titolo:||Cloning and expression of the penicillinase from a borderline methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus strain in Escherichia coli|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|