Biointerfaces are significantly affected by electrolytes according to the Hofmeister series. This work reports a systematic investigation on the effect of different metal chlorides, sodium and potassium bromides, iodides and thiocyanates, on the ESI/MS spectra of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in aqueous solution at pH = 2.7. The concentration of each salt was varied to maximize the quality of the ESI/MS spectrum, in terms of peak intensity and bell-shaped profile. The ESI/MS spectra of BSA in the absence and in the presence of salts showed a main protein pattern characterized by the expected mass of 66.5 kDa, except the case of BSA/RbCl (mass 65,3 kDa). In all systems we observed an additional pattern, characterized by at least three peaks with low intensity, whose deconvolution led to suggest the formation of a BSA fragment with a mass of 19.2 kDa. Only NaCl increased the intensity of the peaks of the main BSA pattern, while minimizing that of the fragment. NaCl addition seems to play a crucial role in stabilizing BSA ionized interface against hydrolysis of peptide bonds, through different synergistic mechanisms. To quantify the observed specific electrolyte effects, two “Hofmeister” parameters (Hs and Ps) are proposed. They are obtained using the ratio of (BSA-Salt)/BSA peak intensities for both the BSA main pattern and for its fragment.

BSA Fragmentation Specifically Induced by Added Electrolytes: an Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Investigation

Tiziana Pivetta
Secondo
Methodology
;
Cristina Carucci
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Drew Francis Parsons
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Andrea Salis
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Maura Monduzzi
Supervision
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Biointerfaces are significantly affected by electrolytes according to the Hofmeister series. This work reports a systematic investigation on the effect of different metal chlorides, sodium and potassium bromides, iodides and thiocyanates, on the ESI/MS spectra of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in aqueous solution at pH = 2.7. The concentration of each salt was varied to maximize the quality of the ESI/MS spectrum, in terms of peak intensity and bell-shaped profile. The ESI/MS spectra of BSA in the absence and in the presence of salts showed a main protein pattern characterized by the expected mass of 66.5 kDa, except the case of BSA/RbCl (mass 65,3 kDa). In all systems we observed an additional pattern, characterized by at least three peaks with low intensity, whose deconvolution led to suggest the formation of a BSA fragment with a mass of 19.2 kDa. Only NaCl increased the intensity of the peaks of the main BSA pattern, while minimizing that of the fragment. NaCl addition seems to play a crucial role in stabilizing BSA ionized interface against hydrolysis of peptide bonds, through different synergistic mechanisms. To quantify the observed specific electrolyte effects, two “Hofmeister” parameters (Hs and Ps) are proposed. They are obtained using the ratio of (BSA-Salt)/BSA peak intensities for both the BSA main pattern and for its fragment.
Bovine Serum Albumin; ESI/MS; BSA; fragmentation; Specific electrolyte effects
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/342272
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