In a global climate change scenario "Extreme climatic events" are expected to widely affect flora and vegetation in Med-regions, especially "Extremes Rainfall Events" which will have impacts on riparian environments. Aiming to provide an in-depth picture on the effects of these events on the riparian flora and vegetation in the Mediterranean Basin, especially focusing on islands, a bibliographic search was performed in the main international databases, which led to 571 articles published from 2000 to 2021. Most studies have analyzed these phenomena from the climatic point of view identifying three main topics "Rainfall", "Global/Climate change", and "Flood". 81 papers concerned effects of extreme events on Mediterranean woodland formations and cultivated plants. A further analysis focused on European countries and Mediterranean bioregion using "Extreme rainfall events" and "Extreme rainfall and floods" as keywords. A low number of records relating to Mediterranean island regions was found, having Sicily as the study area. Moreover, seven articles had Sardinia as a study area, four of which referred to flora and vegetation. A lack of studies on the effects of extreme rainfall events on riparian flora and vegetation were highlighted. This review constitutes a call for researchers to explore extreme phenomena that have become recurrent in the Mediterranean Basin.

Extremes Rainfall Events on Riparian Flora and Vegetation in the Mediterranean Basin: A Challenging but Completely Unexplored Theme

Pinna, MS;Loi, MC;Calderisi, G;Fenu, G
2022

Abstract

In a global climate change scenario "Extreme climatic events" are expected to widely affect flora and vegetation in Med-regions, especially "Extremes Rainfall Events" which will have impacts on riparian environments. Aiming to provide an in-depth picture on the effects of these events on the riparian flora and vegetation in the Mediterranean Basin, especially focusing on islands, a bibliographic search was performed in the main international databases, which led to 571 articles published from 2000 to 2021. Most studies have analyzed these phenomena from the climatic point of view identifying three main topics "Rainfall", "Global/Climate change", and "Flood". 81 papers concerned effects of extreme events on Mediterranean woodland formations and cultivated plants. A further analysis focused on European countries and Mediterranean bioregion using "Extreme rainfall events" and "Extreme rainfall and floods" as keywords. A low number of records relating to Mediterranean island regions was found, having Sicily as the study area. Moreover, seven articles had Sardinia as a study area, four of which referred to flora and vegetation. A lack of studies on the effects of extreme rainfall events on riparian flora and vegetation were highlighted. This review constitutes a call for researchers to explore extreme phenomena that have become recurrent in the Mediterranean Basin.
Climate change; Extreme climatic phenomena; Medicanes; Flood; Mediterranean islands; Riparian flora; Riparian habitat; Rainfall; Sardinia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/342474
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