Mylonitic micaschists in the south-eastern sector of the Posada-Asinara Shear Zone in the Axial Zone of the Sardinia Variscan chain were investigated for the reconstruction of their metamorphic evolution and P-T history. Micaschists underwent polyphase ductile deformation consisting of an old D1 deformation (~345–340 Ma) associated to shearing and folding and to a penetrative S1 axial plane foliation. The S1 foliation is progressively transposed by the D2 phase, which is associated with upright up to NE verging folds and dextral shear zones. Micaschists are characterized by abundant centimetric garnet crystals with strong compositional zoning. The garnet porphyroblasts (~15 vol%) are associated with plagioclase, quartz, biotite, staurolite, white mica, chloritoid and retrograde chlorite. Garnet presents an internal foliation identified by the isoorientation of quartz inclusions sometimes arranged into a sigmoidal pattern suggesting rotation of the garnet during growth, discordant respect to the external S2 foliation. The S2 foliation is identified by the preferred orientation of micas and chlorite and by the alternance between quartzo-feldspathic and micaceous layers. The garnet core contains several small inclusions of quartz, rutile, apatite, and minor monazite and zircon. Additional inclusions, observed in the garnet domain around the core are ilmenite, chloritoid, staurolite and white mica. EMPA analyses reveal an even more complex chemical zoning consisting of garnet core, garnet mantle, and rim. The compositional isopleths that match the composition of the garnet core intersect with isopleths for the highest Si contents in K-white mica at about T 430–490 ◦C, P 1.3–1.4 GPa. Garnet rim isopleths and isopleths for the lowest Si contents in K-white mica indicate P-T conditions close to 560–630 ◦C/0.6–1.1 GPa. The resulting P-T path is clockwise, subdivided into two separate stages. The first stage is a prograde segment suggested by the garnet core to mantle compositional variation whereas the second reflects garnet rim growth during exhumation.

P-T path from garnet zoning in pelitic schist from NE Sardinia, Italy: further constraints on the metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the north Sardinia Variscan belt

G. Cruciani
Primo
;
Marcello Franceschelli
Secondo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Mylonitic micaschists in the south-eastern sector of the Posada-Asinara Shear Zone in the Axial Zone of the Sardinia Variscan chain were investigated for the reconstruction of their metamorphic evolution and P-T history. Micaschists underwent polyphase ductile deformation consisting of an old D1 deformation (~345–340 Ma) associated to shearing and folding and to a penetrative S1 axial plane foliation. The S1 foliation is progressively transposed by the D2 phase, which is associated with upright up to NE verging folds and dextral shear zones. Micaschists are characterized by abundant centimetric garnet crystals with strong compositional zoning. The garnet porphyroblasts (~15 vol%) are associated with plagioclase, quartz, biotite, staurolite, white mica, chloritoid and retrograde chlorite. Garnet presents an internal foliation identified by the isoorientation of quartz inclusions sometimes arranged into a sigmoidal pattern suggesting rotation of the garnet during growth, discordant respect to the external S2 foliation. The S2 foliation is identified by the preferred orientation of micas and chlorite and by the alternance between quartzo-feldspathic and micaceous layers. The garnet core contains several small inclusions of quartz, rutile, apatite, and minor monazite and zircon. Additional inclusions, observed in the garnet domain around the core are ilmenite, chloritoid, staurolite and white mica. EMPA analyses reveal an even more complex chemical zoning consisting of garnet core, garnet mantle, and rim. The compositional isopleths that match the composition of the garnet core intersect with isopleths for the highest Si contents in K-white mica at about T 430–490 ◦C, P 1.3–1.4 GPa. Garnet rim isopleths and isopleths for the lowest Si contents in K-white mica indicate P-T conditions close to 560–630 ◦C/0.6–1.1 GPa. The resulting P-T path is clockwise, subdivided into two separate stages. The first stage is a prograde segment suggested by the garnet core to mantle compositional variation whereas the second reflects garnet rim growth during exhumation.
2022
Microstructure; Garnet; Isochemical phase diagrams; P-T path; Variscan Sardinia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/343456
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