Sexual activity causes differential changes in the expression of markers of neural activation (c-Fos and Delta FosB) and neural plasticity (Arc and BDNF/trkB), as determined either by Western Blot (BDNF, trkB, Arc, and Delta FosB) or immunohistochemistry (BDNF, trkB, Arc, and c-Fos), in the hippocam pus of male Roman high (RHA) and low avoidance (RLA) rats, two psychogenetically selected rat lines that display marked differences in sexual behavior (RHA rats exhibit higher sexual motivation and better copulatory performance than RLA rats). Both methods showed (with some differences) that sexual activity modifies the expression levels of these markers in the hippocampus of Roman rats depending on: (i) the level of sexual experience, that is, changes were usually more evident in sexually naive than in experienced rats; (ii) the hippocampal partition, that is, BDNF and Arc increased in the dorsal but tended to decrease in the ventral hippocampus; (iii) the marker considered, that is, in sexually experienced animals BDNF, c-Fos, and Arc levels were similar to those of controls, while Delta FosB levels increased; and (iv) the rat line, that is, changes were usually larger in RHA than RLA rats. These findings resemble those of early studies in RHA and RLA rats showing that sexual activity influences the expression of these markers in the nucleus accumbens, medial prefrontal cortex, and ventral tegmental area, and show for the first time that also in the hippocampus sexual activity induces neural activation and plasticity, events that occur mainly during the first phase of the acquisition of sexual experience and depend on the genotypic/phenotypic characteristics of the animals.

Neuroplastic changes in c-Fos, ΔFosB, BDNF, trkB, and Arc expression in the hippocampus of male Roman rats: differential effects of sexual activity

Sanna, Fabrizio
Co-primo
;
Serra, Maria Pina
Co-primo
;
Boi, Marianna;Bratzu, Jessica;Poddighe, Laura;Carta, Antonella;Corda, Maria Giuseppa;Giorgi, Osvaldo;Melis, Maria Rosaria;Argiolas, Antonio;Quartu, Marina
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Sexual activity causes differential changes in the expression of markers of neural activation (c-Fos and Delta FosB) and neural plasticity (Arc and BDNF/trkB), as determined either by Western Blot (BDNF, trkB, Arc, and Delta FosB) or immunohistochemistry (BDNF, trkB, Arc, and c-Fos), in the hippocam pus of male Roman high (RHA) and low avoidance (RLA) rats, two psychogenetically selected rat lines that display marked differences in sexual behavior (RHA rats exhibit higher sexual motivation and better copulatory performance than RLA rats). Both methods showed (with some differences) that sexual activity modifies the expression levels of these markers in the hippocampus of Roman rats depending on: (i) the level of sexual experience, that is, changes were usually more evident in sexually naive than in experienced rats; (ii) the hippocampal partition, that is, BDNF and Arc increased in the dorsal but tended to decrease in the ventral hippocampus; (iii) the marker considered, that is, in sexually experienced animals BDNF, c-Fos, and Arc levels were similar to those of controls, while Delta FosB levels increased; and (iv) the rat line, that is, changes were usually larger in RHA than RLA rats. These findings resemble those of early studies in RHA and RLA rats showing that sexual activity influences the expression of these markers in the nucleus accumbens, medial prefrontal cortex, and ventral tegmental area, and show for the first time that also in the hippocampus sexual activity induces neural activation and plasticity, events that occur mainly during the first phase of the acquisition of sexual experience and depend on the genotypic/phenotypic characteristics of the animals.
Arc; BDNF; c-Fos; Hippocampus; Male Roman rats; Neuroplasticity; Sexual experience; ΔFosB; Avoidance learning; Cytoskeletal Proteins; Male; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Neuronal Plasticity; Nucleus Accumbens; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; Rats; Receptor, trkB; Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/344833
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