Wind erosion (or aeolian corrosion) is one of the most relevant causes of weathering and degradation which has affected building surfaces in Cultural Heritage. The effect depends on the wind strength, the impact of particles transported and their size and the characteristics of surfaces affected. This aspect is very important for historical buildings constructed by using limestone as Lecce stone (LS). LS has an extraordinary ability to be shaped, but is very sensitive to decay. Exfoliation, wind erosion, absorption of water by capillary from the soil, are its main degradation causes. For such a reason, the application of effective products able to act as “sacrifice film” became necessary in order to minimise the degradation rate by preserving the limestone substrate against serious weathering agents. In this work, the effects of aeolian corrosion, simulated by means the accelerated test with sandblasting method, were studied. In particular, the effectiveness of two specific commercial coatings, such as an innovative free-solvent hybrid organic-inorganic coating (HYBRID) and a solvent-based coating (AS), was assessed relating to their capability to preserve Lecce stone from the aeolian corrosion phenomenon. The protective efficacy was guaranteed by both the commercial coatings even after accelerated wind erosion test, by confirming a high hydrophobicity, low capillary water absorption and an adequate depth of penetration inside the stone able to assure durability.

Coating's influence on wind erosion of porous stones used in the Cultural Heritage of Southern Italy: Surface characterisation and resistance

Cappai, Marta
Secondo
;
Casnedi, Ludovica;Pia, Giorgio
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Wind erosion (or aeolian corrosion) is one of the most relevant causes of weathering and degradation which has affected building surfaces in Cultural Heritage. The effect depends on the wind strength, the impact of particles transported and their size and the characteristics of surfaces affected. This aspect is very important for historical buildings constructed by using limestone as Lecce stone (LS). LS has an extraordinary ability to be shaped, but is very sensitive to decay. Exfoliation, wind erosion, absorption of water by capillary from the soil, are its main degradation causes. For such a reason, the application of effective products able to act as “sacrifice film” became necessary in order to minimise the degradation rate by preserving the limestone substrate against serious weathering agents. In this work, the effects of aeolian corrosion, simulated by means the accelerated test with sandblasting method, were studied. In particular, the effectiveness of two specific commercial coatings, such as an innovative free-solvent hybrid organic-inorganic coating (HYBRID) and a solvent-based coating (AS), was assessed relating to their capability to preserve Lecce stone from the aeolian corrosion phenomenon. The protective efficacy was guaranteed by both the commercial coatings even after accelerated wind erosion test, by confirming a high hydrophobicity, low capillary water absorption and an adequate depth of penetration inside the stone able to assure durability.
Conservation; Limestone; Photopolymerizable protective coating; Organic-Inorganic hybrids; Erosion; Sandblasting
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/344919
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