Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), also known as Pestivirus A, causes severe infection mostly in cattle, but also in pigs, sheep and goats, causing huge economical losses on agricultural farms every year. The infections are actually controlled by isolation of persistently infected animals and vaccination, but no antivirals are currently available to control the spread of BVDV on farms. BVDV binds the host cell using envelope protein E2, which has only recently been targeted in the research of a potent and efficient antiviral. In contrast, RdRp has been successfully inhibited by several classes of compounds in the last few decades. As a part of an enduring antiviral research agenda, we designed a new series of derivatives that emerged from an isosteric substitution of the main scaffold in previously reported anti-BVDV compounds. Here, the new compounds were characterized and tested, where several turned out to be potent and selectively active against BVDV. The mechanism of action was thoroughly studied using a time-of-drug-addition assay and the results were validated using docking simulations.

Benzimidazole-2-Phenyl-Carboxamides as Dual-Target Inhibitors of BVDV Entry and Replication

Ilenia Delogu;Roberta Loddo
;
2022

Abstract

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), also known as Pestivirus A, causes severe infection mostly in cattle, but also in pigs, sheep and goats, causing huge economical losses on agricultural farms every year. The infections are actually controlled by isolation of persistently infected animals and vaccination, but no antivirals are currently available to control the spread of BVDV on farms. BVDV binds the host cell using envelope protein E2, which has only recently been targeted in the research of a potent and efficient antiviral. In contrast, RdRp has been successfully inhibited by several classes of compounds in the last few decades. As a part of an enduring antiviral research agenda, we designed a new series of derivatives that emerged from an isosteric substitution of the main scaffold in previously reported anti-BVDV compounds. Here, the new compounds were characterized and tested, where several turned out to be potent and selectively active against BVDV. The mechanism of action was thoroughly studied using a time-of-drug-addition assay and the results were validated using docking simulations.
BVDV; antivirals; benzimidazole-2-phenyl-carboxamides; dual target; entry inhibition; replication inhibition
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/345315
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