Background: Thrombolysis (rTPA) and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) are cost-effective treatments for ischemic stroke. However, little is known about the impact of different types of health systems (HSs) on the outcome and cost of ischemic stroke. Methods: Literature search was performed on PubMed/OVID for studies without time limits. The year of publication, type of HS, cost of intervention treatment (rTPA/MT), cost of control strategy (conservative treatment or rTPA), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained, and percentage of gross domestic product spent on health were recorded. The inclusion criteria were English literature, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility analyses. The exclusion criterion was the absence of geographic coherence between the derived QALYs and the costs. The costs were inflated to 2021 and then converted to US dollar/euro. An analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the percentage of cost reduction and the QALYs gained. Gross domestic product percentage was correlated with the QALYs gained. Results: Thirty-five studies were analyzed. No significant differences in the percentage of cost reduction were found among the different types of HS (Beveridge -14.74% [95% confidence interval {CI} -57.94/53.08] vs. Bismarck -2.27% [95% CI -122.73/118.18] vs. national insurance -0.015% [95% CI -16.96/51.00] vs. private insurance -4.05% [95% CI -32.62/13.18]). No differences were found in QALYs gained among the different HS (Beveridge 1021 [95% CI -36.37/1705.04] vs. Bismarck 440 [95% CI -2290.68/3870.68] vs. national insurance 643 [95% CI -137.54/2366.21] vs. private insurance 550 [95% CI 131.54/1128.06]). No differences were found among the QALYs gained between rTPA/conservative treatment versus rTPA/MT and rtPA + MT/MT. The percentage of gross domestic product spent on health did not correlate with the QALYs gained (rho = -0.16; P = 0.56). Conclusions: MT and rTPA are independently cost-effective among different HS.

Is mechanical thrombectomy or thrombolysis universally cost-effective? A systematic review of the literature

Saba, Luca;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Thrombolysis (rTPA) and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) are cost-effective treatments for ischemic stroke. However, little is known about the impact of different types of health systems (HSs) on the outcome and cost of ischemic stroke. Methods: Literature search was performed on PubMed/OVID for studies without time limits. The year of publication, type of HS, cost of intervention treatment (rTPA/MT), cost of control strategy (conservative treatment or rTPA), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained, and percentage of gross domestic product spent on health were recorded. The inclusion criteria were English literature, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility analyses. The exclusion criterion was the absence of geographic coherence between the derived QALYs and the costs. The costs were inflated to 2021 and then converted to US dollar/euro. An analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the percentage of cost reduction and the QALYs gained. Gross domestic product percentage was correlated with the QALYs gained. Results: Thirty-five studies were analyzed. No significant differences in the percentage of cost reduction were found among the different types of HS (Beveridge -14.74% [95% confidence interval {CI} -57.94/53.08] vs. Bismarck -2.27% [95% CI -122.73/118.18] vs. national insurance -0.015% [95% CI -16.96/51.00] vs. private insurance -4.05% [95% CI -32.62/13.18]). No differences were found in QALYs gained among the different HS (Beveridge 1021 [95% CI -36.37/1705.04] vs. Bismarck 440 [95% CI -2290.68/3870.68] vs. national insurance 643 [95% CI -137.54/2366.21] vs. private insurance 550 [95% CI 131.54/1128.06]). No differences were found among the QALYs gained between rTPA/conservative treatment versus rTPA/MT and rtPA + MT/MT. The percentage of gross domestic product spent on health did not correlate with the QALYs gained (rho = -0.16; P = 0.56). Conclusions: MT and rTPA are independently cost-effective among different HS.
2022
Cost-effectiveness; Main Paper; Mechanical thrombectomy; Quality of Life; Thrombolysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/347236
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