Background: A growing number of patients taking antiplatelet drugs, mainly low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) (75–150 mg/day), for primary or secondary prevention of thrombotic events, are encountered in every field of surgery. While the bleeding risk due to the continuation of these medications during the perioperative period has been adequately investigated in several surgical specialties, in thyroid surgery it still needs to be clarified. The main aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of cervical haematoma in patients receiving low-dose acetylsalicylic acid, specifically ASA 100 mg/day, during the perioperative period of thyroidectomy. Methods: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy in two high-volume thyroid surgery centers in Italy, between January 2021 and December 2021, were retrospectively analysed. Enrolled patients were divided into two groups: those not taking ASA were included in Group A, while those receiving this drug in Group B. Univariate analysis was performed to compare these two groups. Moreover, multivariate analysis was employed to evaluate the use of low-dose ASA as independent risk factor for cervical haematoma. Results: A total of 412 patients underwent thyroidectomy during the study period. Among them, 29 (7.04%) were taking ASA. Based on the inclusion criteria, 351 patients were enrolled: 322 were included in Group A and 29 in Group B. In Group A, there were 4 (1.24%) cervical haematomas not requiring surgical revision of haemostasis and 4 (1.24%) cervical haematomas requiring surgical revision of haemostasis. In Group B, there was 1 (3.45%) cervical haematoma requiring surgical revision of haemostasis. At univariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of occurrence of cervical haematoma, nor of the other early complications of thyroidectomy. At multivariate analysis, the use of low-dose ASA did not prove to be an independent risk factor for cervical haematoma. Conclusions: Based on our findings, we believe that in patients receiving this drug, either for primary or secondary prevention of thrombotic events, its discontinuation during the perioperative period of thyroidectomy is not necessary.

Does the continuation of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid during the perioperative period of thyroidectomy increase the risk of cervical haematoma? A 1-year experience of two Italian centers

Canu, Gian Luigi;Medas, Fabio;Cappellacci, Federico;Casti, Francesco;Calò, Pietro Giorgio
2022

Abstract

Background: A growing number of patients taking antiplatelet drugs, mainly low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) (75–150 mg/day), for primary or secondary prevention of thrombotic events, are encountered in every field of surgery. While the bleeding risk due to the continuation of these medications during the perioperative period has been adequately investigated in several surgical specialties, in thyroid surgery it still needs to be clarified. The main aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of cervical haematoma in patients receiving low-dose acetylsalicylic acid, specifically ASA 100 mg/day, during the perioperative period of thyroidectomy. Methods: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy in two high-volume thyroid surgery centers in Italy, between January 2021 and December 2021, were retrospectively analysed. Enrolled patients were divided into two groups: those not taking ASA were included in Group A, while those receiving this drug in Group B. Univariate analysis was performed to compare these two groups. Moreover, multivariate analysis was employed to evaluate the use of low-dose ASA as independent risk factor for cervical haematoma. Results: A total of 412 patients underwent thyroidectomy during the study period. Among them, 29 (7.04%) were taking ASA. Based on the inclusion criteria, 351 patients were enrolled: 322 were included in Group A and 29 in Group B. In Group A, there were 4 (1.24%) cervical haematomas not requiring surgical revision of haemostasis and 4 (1.24%) cervical haematomas requiring surgical revision of haemostasis. In Group B, there was 1 (3.45%) cervical haematoma requiring surgical revision of haemostasis. At univariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of occurrence of cervical haematoma, nor of the other early complications of thyroidectomy. At multivariate analysis, the use of low-dose ASA did not prove to be an independent risk factor for cervical haematoma. Conclusions: Based on our findings, we believe that in patients receiving this drug, either for primary or secondary prevention of thrombotic events, its discontinuation during the perioperative period of thyroidectomy is not necessary.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/347478
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact