Aroma is central to the worldwide success of truffles as gourmet food and the high prices paid for these edible mushrooms. In this study, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from fruiting bodies of two Chinese truffles of commercial relevance, Tuber indicum and Tuber pseudohimalayense, were analyzed using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). We aimed to characterize the aroma profile and determine whether it would be influenced by provenance and stage of maturation. We thus collected and analyzed young, middle mature and mature fruiting bodies of each species from different locations in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces, located in southwestern China. Overall, 76 VOCs were identified, belonging to different chemical classes, i.e. alcohols and phenols, aldehydes and ketones, benzenes and methoxy compounds, hydrocarbons and amines. A large number of volatiles identified in T indicum and T. pseudohimalayense are reported here for the first time for these truffles. While more than 50% of identified VOCs were produced by both truffle species, considerable differences were present in the aroma profiles of fruiting bodies collected at various maturation stages, revealing a dynamic pattern in the biosynthesis of VOCs. Furthermore, truffles of different provenance had distinct proportions of volatile constituents, suggesting that, besides genetic factors, edaphic and microclimatic conditions influence the synthesis of VOCs in a complex manner.

Aroma profile of two commercial truffle species from Yunnan and Sichuan, China: inter- and intraspecific variability and shared key compounds

Andrea C. Rinaldi
Penultimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aroma is central to the worldwide success of truffles as gourmet food and the high prices paid for these edible mushrooms. In this study, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from fruiting bodies of two Chinese truffles of commercial relevance, Tuber indicum and Tuber pseudohimalayense, were analyzed using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). We aimed to characterize the aroma profile and determine whether it would be influenced by provenance and stage of maturation. We thus collected and analyzed young, middle mature and mature fruiting bodies of each species from different locations in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces, located in southwestern China. Overall, 76 VOCs were identified, belonging to different chemical classes, i.e. alcohols and phenols, aldehydes and ketones, benzenes and methoxy compounds, hydrocarbons and amines. A large number of volatiles identified in T indicum and T. pseudohimalayense are reported here for the first time for these truffles. While more than 50% of identified VOCs were produced by both truffle species, considerable differences were present in the aroma profiles of fruiting bodies collected at various maturation stages, revealing a dynamic pattern in the biosynthesis of VOCs. Furthermore, truffles of different provenance had distinct proportions of volatile constituents, suggesting that, besides genetic factors, edaphic and microclimatic conditions influence the synthesis of VOCs in a complex manner.
edible mushrooms; HS-SPME; tuber; volatile organic compounds
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/347838
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