Skin aging is a progressive biological process of the human body, and it is not only time-dependent. Differently substituted 3-phenylcoumarins proved to efficiently inhibit tyrosinase. In the current work, new substitution patterns have been explored, and the biological studies were extended to other important enzymes involved in the processes of skin aging, as elastase, collagenase and hyaluronidase. From the studied series, five compounds presented inhibitory activity against tyrosinase, one compound against elastase, eight compounds against collagenase and two compounds against hyaluronidase, being five compounds dual inhibitors. The 3-(4 '-Bromophenyl)-5,7-dihydroxycoumarin (1) and 3-(3 '-bromophenyl)-5,7-dihydroxycoumarin (2) presented the best profiles against tyrosinase (IC50 = 1.05 mu M and 7.03 mu M) and collagenase (IC50 = 123.4 mu M and 110.4 mu M); the 3-(4 '-bromophenyl)-6,7-dihydroxycoumarin (4) presented a good inhibition against tyrosinase and hyaluronidase; the 3-(3 '-bromophenyl)-6,7-dihydroxycoumarin (5) showed an effective tyrosinase and elastase inhibition; and 6,7-dihydroxy-3-(3 '-hydroxyphenyl)coumarin (11) presented a dual profile inhibition against collagenase and hyaluronidase. Furthermore, considering the overall activities tested, compounds 1 and 2 proved to be the most promising anti-aging compounds. These compounds also showed to have a photo-protective effect, without being cytotoxic to human skin keratinocyte cells. To predict the binding site with the target enzymes, computational studies were also carried out.

Hydroxy-3-Phenylcoumarins as Multitarget Compounds for Skin Aging Diseases: Synthesis, Molecular Docking and Tyrosinase, Elastase, Collagenase and Hyaluronidase Inhibition, and Sun Protection Factor

Pintus, Francesca;Floris, Sonia;Fais, Antonella
;
Era, Benedetta;Kumar, Amit;Gatto, Gianluca;
2022

Abstract

Skin aging is a progressive biological process of the human body, and it is not only time-dependent. Differently substituted 3-phenylcoumarins proved to efficiently inhibit tyrosinase. In the current work, new substitution patterns have been explored, and the biological studies were extended to other important enzymes involved in the processes of skin aging, as elastase, collagenase and hyaluronidase. From the studied series, five compounds presented inhibitory activity against tyrosinase, one compound against elastase, eight compounds against collagenase and two compounds against hyaluronidase, being five compounds dual inhibitors. The 3-(4 '-Bromophenyl)-5,7-dihydroxycoumarin (1) and 3-(3 '-bromophenyl)-5,7-dihydroxycoumarin (2) presented the best profiles against tyrosinase (IC50 = 1.05 mu M and 7.03 mu M) and collagenase (IC50 = 123.4 mu M and 110.4 mu M); the 3-(4 '-bromophenyl)-6,7-dihydroxycoumarin (4) presented a good inhibition against tyrosinase and hyaluronidase; the 3-(3 '-bromophenyl)-6,7-dihydroxycoumarin (5) showed an effective tyrosinase and elastase inhibition; and 6,7-dihydroxy-3-(3 '-hydroxyphenyl)coumarin (11) presented a dual profile inhibition against collagenase and hyaluronidase. Furthermore, considering the overall activities tested, compounds 1 and 2 proved to be the most promising anti-aging compounds. These compounds also showed to have a photo-protective effect, without being cytotoxic to human skin keratinocyte cells. To predict the binding site with the target enzymes, computational studies were also carried out.
collagenase
elastase
hyaluronidase
hydroxy-3-phenylcoumarins
molecular docking
skin aging
sun protection factor
tyrosinase
Humans
Monophenol Monooxygenase
Pancreatic Elastase
Hyaluronoglucosaminidase
Sun Protection Factor
Molecular Docking Simulation
Collagenases
Aging
Coumarins
Enzyme Inhibitors
Skin Aging
Skin Diseases
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/347896
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