Purpose Peritoneal mesothelial cysts (PMC) are a clinical dilemma because of their true pathogenic nature. Many defnitions have been associated with PMC, including “benign multicystic mesothelioma”, “cystic mesothelioma”, “multilocular peritoneal inclusion cysts”, ‘‘infammatory cysts of the peritoneum” or “postoperative peritoneal cyst”. Methods We herein performed a systematic review of the literature focusing on clinical and histopathological aspects of PMC, diagnosis, and therapies. Moreover, we described our experience with a case of PMC in a young female. Results Since there is often a history of prior surgery or infammatory disease, most authors consider PMC of reactive origin. However, in some cases they occur without any documentable signs of disease or injury. A variety of clinical fndings can complicate the preoperative assessment and a multitude of histological pictures may potentially lead to a misdiagnosis. The absence of a uniform treatment strategy and lack of long-term follow-up often hinder the accurate defnition leading to unnecessary or unnecessarily aggressive therapy. Conclusions PMC are more common than had previously been thought. Most authors consider them non-neoplastic; thus the designation of “peritoneal inclusion cyst” is preferable. The term “mesothelioma” should be used only in cases of histological evidences of atypia. The high rates of recurrence suggest that the goal of treatment should not be necessarily complete eradication, but symptomatic relief through individualized treatment. This is a topic of particular importance, especially in young female where recurrence rates could be lower than those reported in adults and where an improperly aggressive treatment could have repercussions on fertility

Benign multicystic mesothelioma and peritoneal inclusion cysts: are they the same clinical and histopathological entities? A systematic review to find an evidence-based management

Vitale S. G.
;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Purpose Peritoneal mesothelial cysts (PMC) are a clinical dilemma because of their true pathogenic nature. Many defnitions have been associated with PMC, including “benign multicystic mesothelioma”, “cystic mesothelioma”, “multilocular peritoneal inclusion cysts”, ‘‘infammatory cysts of the peritoneum” or “postoperative peritoneal cyst”. Methods We herein performed a systematic review of the literature focusing on clinical and histopathological aspects of PMC, diagnosis, and therapies. Moreover, we described our experience with a case of PMC in a young female. Results Since there is often a history of prior surgery or infammatory disease, most authors consider PMC of reactive origin. However, in some cases they occur without any documentable signs of disease or injury. A variety of clinical fndings can complicate the preoperative assessment and a multitude of histological pictures may potentially lead to a misdiagnosis. The absence of a uniform treatment strategy and lack of long-term follow-up often hinder the accurate defnition leading to unnecessary or unnecessarily aggressive therapy. Conclusions PMC are more common than had previously been thought. Most authors consider them non-neoplastic; thus the designation of “peritoneal inclusion cyst” is preferable. The term “mesothelioma” should be used only in cases of histological evidences of atypia. The high rates of recurrence suggest that the goal of treatment should not be necessarily complete eradication, but symptomatic relief through individualized treatment. This is a topic of particular importance, especially in young female where recurrence rates could be lower than those reported in adults and where an improperly aggressive treatment could have repercussions on fertility
2018
Peritoneal mesothelial cysts; Peritoneal inclusion cyst; Benign multicystic mesothelioma; Infammatory cystsof the peritoneum; Postoperative peritoneal cyst; Young female
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/349567
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