The polarization of the ? and ?¯ hyperons along the beam (z) direction, Pz, has been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV recorded with ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The main contribution to Pz comes from elliptic flow-induced vorticity and can be characterized by the second Fourier sine coefficient Pz,s2=?Pzsin(2f-2?2) ©, where f is the hyperon azimuthal emission angle and ?2 is the elliptic flow plane angle. We report the measurement of Pz,s2 for different collision centralities and in the 30%-50% centrality interval as a function of the hyperon transverse momentum and rapidity. The Pz,s2 is positive similarly as measured by the STAR Collaboration in Au-Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV, with somewhat smaller amplitude in the semicentral collisions. This is the first experimental evidence of a nonzero hyperon Pz in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. The comparison of the measured Pz,s2 with the hydrodynamic model calculations shows sensitivity to the competing contributions from thermal and the recently found shear-induced vorticity, as well as to whether the polarization is acquired at the quark-gluon plasma or the hadronic phase.

Polarization of Lambda and (Lambda)over-bar Hyperons along the Beam Direction in Pb-Pb Collisions at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV

Boi, S.;Casula, E. A. R.;De Falco, A.;Fionda, F. M.;Usai, G. L.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The polarization of the ? and ?¯ hyperons along the beam (z) direction, Pz, has been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV recorded with ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The main contribution to Pz comes from elliptic flow-induced vorticity and can be characterized by the second Fourier sine coefficient Pz,s2=?Pzsin(2f-2?2) ©, where f is the hyperon azimuthal emission angle and ?2 is the elliptic flow plane angle. We report the measurement of Pz,s2 for different collision centralities and in the 30%-50% centrality interval as a function of the hyperon transverse momentum and rapidity. The Pz,s2 is positive similarly as measured by the STAR Collaboration in Au-Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV, with somewhat smaller amplitude in the semicentral collisions. This is the first experimental evidence of a nonzero hyperon Pz in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. The comparison of the measured Pz,s2 with the hydrodynamic model calculations shows sensitivity to the competing contributions from thermal and the recently found shear-induced vorticity, as well as to whether the polarization is acquired at the quark-gluon plasma or the hadronic phase.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/355286
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