Background: With the aging of the population, the characterization of frailty and comorbidity burden is increasingly taking on particular importance. The aims of the present study are to analyze such conditions in a population affected by Atrial Fibrillation (AF), matching it with a population without AF, and to recognize potential independent factors associated with such common cardiovascular disease. Methods: This study included subjects consecutively evaluated over 5 years at the Geriatric Outpatient Service, University Hospital of Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy. A sum of 1981 subjects met the inclusion criteria. The AF-group was made up of 330 people, and another 330 people were randomly selected to made up the non-AF-group. The sample was subjected to Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA). Results: In our sample, severe comorbidity burden (p = 0.01) and frailty status (p = 0.04) were significantly more common in patients with AF than without AF, independently on gender and age. Furthermore, the 5-years follow-up demonstrated that survival probability was significantly higher in AF-group (p = 0.03). The multivariate analysis (AUC: 0.808) showed that the presence of AF was independently positively associated with a history of coronary heart disease (OR: 2.12) and cerebrovascular disease (OR: 1.64), with the assumption of Beta Blockers (OR: 3.39), and with the number of drugs taken (OR: 1.12), and negatively associated with the assumption of antiplatelets (OR: 0.09). Conclusions: Elderly people with AF are frailer, have more severe comorbidities, and take more drugs, in particular beta blockers, than people without AF, who conversely have a higher survival probability. Furthermore, it is necessary to pay attention to antiplatelets, especially in AF-group, in order to avoid dangerous under- or over-prescriptions.

Frailty and comorbidity burden in Atrial Fibrillation

Francesco Salis
;
Maria Ilaria Scionis;Antonella Mandas
Ultimo
Supervision
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: With the aging of the population, the characterization of frailty and comorbidity burden is increasingly taking on particular importance. The aims of the present study are to analyze such conditions in a population affected by Atrial Fibrillation (AF), matching it with a population without AF, and to recognize potential independent factors associated with such common cardiovascular disease. Methods: This study included subjects consecutively evaluated over 5 years at the Geriatric Outpatient Service, University Hospital of Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy. A sum of 1981 subjects met the inclusion criteria. The AF-group was made up of 330 people, and another 330 people were randomly selected to made up the non-AF-group. The sample was subjected to Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA). Results: In our sample, severe comorbidity burden (p = 0.01) and frailty status (p = 0.04) were significantly more common in patients with AF than without AF, independently on gender and age. Furthermore, the 5-years follow-up demonstrated that survival probability was significantly higher in AF-group (p = 0.03). The multivariate analysis (AUC: 0.808) showed that the presence of AF was independently positively associated with a history of coronary heart disease (OR: 2.12) and cerebrovascular disease (OR: 1.64), with the assumption of Beta Blockers (OR: 3.39), and with the number of drugs taken (OR: 1.12), and negatively associated with the assumption of antiplatelets (OR: 0.09). Conclusions: Elderly people with AF are frailer, have more severe comorbidities, and take more drugs, in particular beta blockers, than people without AF, who conversely have a higher survival probability. Furthermore, it is necessary to pay attention to antiplatelets, especially in AF-group, in order to avoid dangerous under- or over-prescriptions.
2023
antiplatelet drugs; Atrial Fibrillation (AF); comorbidities; Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment; frailty
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/356938
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