A newly developed sensitive and quantitative immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) for anti-thyroglobulin (anti-Tg) autoantibody is described. Serum samples to be tested are added to wells of polyvinyl microtiter plates coated with human thyroglobulin. After removal of the unbound material, anti-Tg antibody is determined by adding purified 125I-anti-human immunoglobulin G antibody. Using 1.0 microliter of serum anti-Tg antibody was detected in 81.2% of patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis or idiopathic myxedema (n = 32), in 46.4% of those with Graves' disease (n = 28), in 11.9% of subjects with other thyroid disorders (n = 42) and in 4.2% of normal controls (n = 71). Similar percentages of positive tests were observed by passive hemagglutination (PH) and a good correlation was found between the antibody levels determined by the two techniques. Using larger amounts of serum (100 microliters) detectable anti-Tg antibody by IRMA was found in the majority of patients with thyroid autoimmune disorders who had negative PH tests. Quantitative measurements of anti-Tg antibody by IRMA could be obtained by using purified anti-Tg antibody as standard reference. The minimum detectable amount of anti-Tg antibody was 0.5 ng. The present method is proposed as a simple and convenient technique for quantitative measurement of any antibody, using wells coated with the appropriate antigen.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.