We report on Konus-WIND (KW) and Mikhail Pavlinsky Astronomical Roentgen Telescope - X-ray Concentrator (ART-XC) observations and analysis of a nearby GRB 221009A, the brightest gamma-ray burst (GRB) detected by KW for >28 yr of observations. The prompt, pulsed phase of the burst emission lasts for similar to 600 s and is followed by a steady power-law decay lasting for more than 25 ks. From the analysis of the KW and ART-XC light curves and the KW spectral data, we derive time-averaged spectral peak energy of the burst E ( p ) approximate to 2.6 MeV, E ( p ) at the brightest emission peak approximate to 3.0 MeV, the total 20 keV-10 MeV energy fluence of approximate to 0.22 erg cm(-2), and the peak energy flux in the same band of approximate to 0.031 erg cm(-2) s(-1). The enormous observed fluence and peak flux imply, at redshift z = 0.151, huge values of isotropic energy release E (iso) approximate to 1.2 x 10(55) erg (or greater than or similar to 6.5 solar rest mass) and isotropic peak luminosity L (iso) approximate to 3.4 x 10(54) erg s(-1) (64 ms scale), making GRB 221009A the most energetic and one of the most luminous bursts observed since the beginning of the GRB cosmological era in 1997. The isotropic energetics of the burst fit nicely both "Amati" and "Yonetoku" hardness-intensity correlations for >300 KW long GRBs, implying that GRB 221009A is most likely a very hard, super-energetic version of a "normal" long GRB.

Properties of the Extremely Energetic GRB 221009A from Konus-WIND and SRG/ART-XC Observations

A. Tsvetkova;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We report on Konus-WIND (KW) and Mikhail Pavlinsky Astronomical Roentgen Telescope - X-ray Concentrator (ART-XC) observations and analysis of a nearby GRB 221009A, the brightest gamma-ray burst (GRB) detected by KW for >28 yr of observations. The prompt, pulsed phase of the burst emission lasts for similar to 600 s and is followed by a steady power-law decay lasting for more than 25 ks. From the analysis of the KW and ART-XC light curves and the KW spectral data, we derive time-averaged spectral peak energy of the burst E ( p ) approximate to 2.6 MeV, E ( p ) at the brightest emission peak approximate to 3.0 MeV, the total 20 keV-10 MeV energy fluence of approximate to 0.22 erg cm(-2), and the peak energy flux in the same band of approximate to 0.031 erg cm(-2) s(-1). The enormous observed fluence and peak flux imply, at redshift z = 0.151, huge values of isotropic energy release E (iso) approximate to 1.2 x 10(55) erg (or greater than or similar to 6.5 solar rest mass) and isotropic peak luminosity L (iso) approximate to 3.4 x 10(54) erg s(-1) (64 ms scale), making GRB 221009A the most energetic and one of the most luminous bursts observed since the beginning of the GRB cosmological era in 1997. The isotropic energetics of the burst fit nicely both "Amati" and "Yonetoku" hardness-intensity correlations for >300 KW long GRBs, implying that GRB 221009A is most likely a very hard, super-energetic version of a "normal" long GRB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/369643
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