Although recently the human thyroid microsomal antigen (M-Ag) has been possibly identified as the thyroid peroxidase, its nature remained unknown over almost three decades. One of the difficulties encountered in the identification of M-Ag derived from the conflicting data obtained in the attempts to solubilize active antigenic material from thyroid subcellular fractions. In particular, following detergent treatment, M-Ag could not be detected by complement fixation, while a full recovery of the antigen has been observed using a radioassay technique. In the present investigation, the antigenic activity of Triton X-100 solubilized thyroid microsomes was assessed in parallel by complement fixation and radioassay methods employing the same anti-microsomal antibody (anti-M Ab) preparation for antigen detection. In untreated microsomes antigenic activity was detected by both methods. In contrast, detergent solubilized M-Ag was detected by radioassay, but could not be detected by complement fixation. These data indicate that detergent solubilization diminishes the complement fixing capacity of M-Ag, while the solubilized antigen can still be fully detected by its binding reaction with the autoantibody, and explain the discrepant results obtained in previous studies

Comparison of complement fixation and radioassay techniques to detect solubilized human thyroid microsomal antigenic activity

MARIOTTI, STEFANO;
1988

Abstract

Although recently the human thyroid microsomal antigen (M-Ag) has been possibly identified as the thyroid peroxidase, its nature remained unknown over almost three decades. One of the difficulties encountered in the identification of M-Ag derived from the conflicting data obtained in the attempts to solubilize active antigenic material from thyroid subcellular fractions. In particular, following detergent treatment, M-Ag could not be detected by complement fixation, while a full recovery of the antigen has been observed using a radioassay technique. In the present investigation, the antigenic activity of Triton X-100 solubilized thyroid microsomes was assessed in parallel by complement fixation and radioassay methods employing the same anti-microsomal antibody (anti-M Ab) preparation for antigen detection. In untreated microsomes antigenic activity was detected by both methods. In contrast, detergent solubilized M-Ag was detected by radioassay, but could not be detected by complement fixation. These data indicate that detergent solubilization diminishes the complement fixing capacity of M-Ag, while the solubilized antigen can still be fully detected by its binding reaction with the autoantibody, and explain the discrepant results obtained in previous studies
Thyroid microsomal antigen; thyroid peroxidase; anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/37217
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