Background: Infection prevention and control (IPC) is essential to prevent nosocomial infections. This manuscript aims at investigating the current use and role of robots and smart environments on IPC systems in nosocomial settings METHODS: The systematic literature review was performed following the PRISMA statement. Literature was searched for articles published in the period January 2016 to October 2022. Two authors determined the eligibility of the papers, with conflicting decisions being mitigated by a third. Relevant data was then extracted using an ad-hoc extraction table to facilitate the analysis and narrative synthesis. Results: The search strategy returned 1520 citations and 17 papers were included. This review identified 3 main areas of interest: hand hygiene and personal protective equipment compliance, automatic infection cluster detection and environments cleaning (ie, air quality control, sterilization). This review demonstrates that IPC practices within hospitals mostly do not rely on automation and robotic technology, and few advancements have been made in this field. Conclusions: Increasing the awareness of healthcare workers on these technologies, through training and involving them in the design process, is essential to accomplish the Health 4.0 transformation. Research priorities should also be considering how to implement similar or more contextualized alternatives for low-income countries.

The use of smart environments and robots for infection prevention control: A systematic literature review

Pagliara, Silvio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Infection prevention and control (IPC) is essential to prevent nosocomial infections. This manuscript aims at investigating the current use and role of robots and smart environments on IPC systems in nosocomial settings METHODS: The systematic literature review was performed following the PRISMA statement. Literature was searched for articles published in the period January 2016 to October 2022. Two authors determined the eligibility of the papers, with conflicting decisions being mitigated by a third. Relevant data was then extracted using an ad-hoc extraction table to facilitate the analysis and narrative synthesis. Results: The search strategy returned 1520 citations and 17 papers were included. This review identified 3 main areas of interest: hand hygiene and personal protective equipment compliance, automatic infection cluster detection and environments cleaning (ie, air quality control, sterilization). This review demonstrates that IPC practices within hospitals mostly do not rely on automation and robotic technology, and few advancements have been made in this field. Conclusions: Increasing the awareness of healthcare workers on these technologies, through training and involving them in the design process, is essential to accomplish the Health 4.0 transformation. Research priorities should also be considering how to implement similar or more contextualized alternatives for low-income countries.
2023
Artificial intelligence; Hand hygiene; Health 4.0; Internet of things; Robot
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/378604
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