Smart composites (SCs) are utilized in electro-mechanical systems such as actuators and energy harvesters. Typically, thin-walled components such as beams, plates, and shells are employed as structural elements to achieve the mechanical behavior desired in these composites. SCs exhibit various advanced properties, ranging from lower order phenomena like piezoelectricity and piezomagneticity, to higher order effects including flexoelectricity and flexomagneticity. The recently discovered flexomagneticity in smart composites has been investigated under limited conditions. A review of the existing literature indicates a lack of evaluation in three-dimensional (3D) elasticity analysis of SCs when the flexomagnetic effect (FM) exists. To address this issue, the governing equations will incorporate the term ∂/∂z, where z represents the thickness coordinate. The variational technique will guide us in further developing these governing equations. By using hypotheses and theories such as a 3D beam model, von Kármán's strain nonlinearity, Hamilton's principle, and well-established direct and converse FM models, we will derive the constitutive equations for a thick composite beam. Conducting a 3D analysis implies that the strain and strain gradient tensors must be expressed in 3D forms. The inclusion of the term ∂/∂z necessitates the construction of a different model. It should be noted that current commercial finite element codes are not equipped to accurately and adequately handle micro- and nano-sized solids, thus making it impractical to model a flexomagnetic composite structure using these programs. Therefore, we will transform the derived characteristic linear three-dimensional bending equations into a 3D semi-analytical Polynomial domain to obtain numerical results. This study demonstrates the importance of conducting 3D mechanical analyses to explore the coupling effects of multiple physical phenomena in smart structures.

On a 3D material modelling of smart nanocomposite structures

Eremeyev, Victor A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Smart composites (SCs) are utilized in electro-mechanical systems such as actuators and energy harvesters. Typically, thin-walled components such as beams, plates, and shells are employed as structural elements to achieve the mechanical behavior desired in these composites. SCs exhibit various advanced properties, ranging from lower order phenomena like piezoelectricity and piezomagneticity, to higher order effects including flexoelectricity and flexomagneticity. The recently discovered flexomagneticity in smart composites has been investigated under limited conditions. A review of the existing literature indicates a lack of evaluation in three-dimensional (3D) elasticity analysis of SCs when the flexomagnetic effect (FM) exists. To address this issue, the governing equations will incorporate the term ∂/∂z, where z represents the thickness coordinate. The variational technique will guide us in further developing these governing equations. By using hypotheses and theories such as a 3D beam model, von Kármán's strain nonlinearity, Hamilton's principle, and well-established direct and converse FM models, we will derive the constitutive equations for a thick composite beam. Conducting a 3D analysis implies that the strain and strain gradient tensors must be expressed in 3D forms. The inclusion of the term ∂/∂z necessitates the construction of a different model. It should be noted that current commercial finite element codes are not equipped to accurately and adequately handle micro- and nano-sized solids, thus making it impractical to model a flexomagnetic composite structure using these programs. Therefore, we will transform the derived characteristic linear three-dimensional bending equations into a 3D semi-analytical Polynomial domain to obtain numerical results. This study demonstrates the importance of conducting 3D mechanical analyses to explore the coupling effects of multiple physical phenomena in smart structures.
2023
Smart structures
3D elasticity
hick beam
Bending
Semi-analytical method
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/379503
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