Background: Carotid artery atherosclerosis is highly prevalent in the general population and is a well-established risk factor for acute ischemic stroke. Although the morphological characteristics of vulnerable plaques are well recognized, there is a lack of consensus in reporting and interpreting carotid plaque features. Objectives: The aim of this document is to establish a consistent and comprehensive approach for imaging and reporting carotid plaque by introducing the Plaque-Reporting And Data System (RADS) score. Methods: A panel of experts recognized the necessity to develop a classification system for carotid plaque and its defining characteristics. Employing a multi-modality analysis approach, the Plaque-RADS categories were established through consensus, drawing on existing literature. Results: We present a universal classification that is applicable to both researchers and clinicians. The Plaque-RADS score offers a morphological assessment in addition to the prevailing quantitative parameter of "stenosis". The Plaque-RADS score spans from grade 1 (indicating complete absence of plaque) to grade 4 (representing complicated plaque). Accompanying visual examples are included to facilitate a clear understanding of the Plaque-RADS categories. Conclusion: Plaque-RADS is a standardized and reliable system of reporting carotid plaque composition and morphology via different imaging modalities, such as US, CT, and MRI. This scoring system has the potential to help in the precise identification of patients who may benefit from exclusive medical intervention and those who require alternative treatments, thereby enhancing patient care. A standardized lexicon and structured reporting promise to enhance communication between radiologists, referring clinicians, and scientists.

Carotid Plaque-RADS: a novel stroke risk classification system

Saba, Luca
Primo
;
Cau, Riccardo
Secondo
;
Sanfilippo, Roberto;Faa, Gavino;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Carotid artery atherosclerosis is highly prevalent in the general population and is a well-established risk factor for acute ischemic stroke. Although the morphological characteristics of vulnerable plaques are well recognized, there is a lack of consensus in reporting and interpreting carotid plaque features. Objectives: The aim of this document is to establish a consistent and comprehensive approach for imaging and reporting carotid plaque by introducing the Plaque-Reporting And Data System (RADS) score. Methods: A panel of experts recognized the necessity to develop a classification system for carotid plaque and its defining characteristics. Employing a multi-modality analysis approach, the Plaque-RADS categories were established through consensus, drawing on existing literature. Results: We present a universal classification that is applicable to both researchers and clinicians. The Plaque-RADS score offers a morphological assessment in addition to the prevailing quantitative parameter of "stenosis". The Plaque-RADS score spans from grade 1 (indicating complete absence of plaque) to grade 4 (representing complicated plaque). Accompanying visual examples are included to facilitate a clear understanding of the Plaque-RADS categories. Conclusion: Plaque-RADS is a standardized and reliable system of reporting carotid plaque composition and morphology via different imaging modalities, such as US, CT, and MRI. This scoring system has the potential to help in the precise identification of patients who may benefit from exclusive medical intervention and those who require alternative treatments, thereby enhancing patient care. A standardized lexicon and structured reporting promise to enhance communication between radiologists, referring clinicians, and scientists.
2024
Carotid plaque; Atherosclerosis; Plaque-RADS; Plaque imaging; Reporting and data system
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/382203
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