Quantum dynamical simulations are essential for a molecular-level understanding of light-induced processes in optoelectronic materials, but they tend to be computationally demanding. We introduce an efficient mixed quantum-classical non-adiabatic molecular dynamics method termed eXcitonic state-based Surface Hopping (X-SH), which propagates the electronic Schro''dinger equation in the space of local excitonic and charge-transfer electronic states, coupled to the thermal motion of the nuclear degrees of freedom. The method is applied to exciton decay in a 1D model of a fullerene- oligothiophene junction, and the results are compared to the ones from a fully quantum dynamical treatment at the level of the Multilayer Multiconfigurational Time-Dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) approach. Both methods predict that charge-separated states are formed on the 10-100 fs time scale via multiple "hot-exciton dissociation " pathways. The results demonstrate that X-SH is a promising tool advancing the simulation of photoexcited processes from the molecular to the true nanomaterials scale.

Exciton Dissociation in a Model Organic Interface: Excitonic State-Based Surface Hopping versus Multiconfigurational Time-Dependent Hartree

Dell'Angelo, David;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Quantum dynamical simulations are essential for a molecular-level understanding of light-induced processes in optoelectronic materials, but they tend to be computationally demanding. We introduce an efficient mixed quantum-classical non-adiabatic molecular dynamics method termed eXcitonic state-based Surface Hopping (X-SH), which propagates the electronic Schro''dinger equation in the space of local excitonic and charge-transfer electronic states, coupled to the thermal motion of the nuclear degrees of freedom. The method is applied to exciton decay in a 1D model of a fullerene- oligothiophene junction, and the results are compared to the ones from a fully quantum dynamical treatment at the level of the Multilayer Multiconfigurational Time-Dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) approach. Both methods predict that charge-separated states are formed on the 10-100 fs time scale via multiple "hot-exciton dissociation " pathways. The results demonstrate that X-SH is a promising tool advancing the simulation of photoexcited processes from the molecular to the true nanomaterials scale.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/383504
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