Trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd), a human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-directed antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), has altered the treatment landscape in breast cancer (BC), irrespective of the HR-receptor status. The use of the agent is increasing, despite the finding that exposure to T-DXd increases the risk of interstitial lung disease (ILD), particularly in BC patients. Although T-DXd-related ILD can be potentially severe and life-threatening, most low-grade cases can be treated safely using a multidisciplinary approach comprising early and accurate diagnosis, effective management, close monitoring, and the prompt administration of steroids. Additionally, increasing patients' education on ILD symptoms ensures close attention and enables prompt reporting, enhancing patient outcomes. It is recommended that predictive biomarkers are assessed in patients with risk factors for developing ILD. Currently, diagnostic criteria comprise newly identified pulmonary opacities, the relation of symptom onset to medication initiation, and the exclusion of other causes of ILD. The general condition of patients is weakened during the management of ILD (BC progression and corticosteroid treatment). Consequently, BC chemotherapy might be attenuated. This highlights the importance of preventing (high-grade) ILD, especially since its use is expanded. Identifying high-risk patients, diagnosing, and customizing treatment is, however, challenging and additional information on patient selection is often not fully clarified. In this paper, we provide updated multidisciplinary clinical guidance for patient selection, proactive monitoring, early diagnosis, and effectively management of T-DXd-induced ILD in HER2-positive BC patients. We describe the risk factors for developing ILD, patients' characteristics of ILD, and the histopathological and radiographic characteristics of ILD, including real-world clinical practice reports. These recommendations provide a structured step-by-step approach for managing each suspected BC-related ILD grade.

Multidisciplinary clinical guidelines in proactive monitoring, early diagnosis, and effective management of trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd)-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) in breast cancer patients

Porcu, M;Saba, L;Scartozzi, M;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd), a human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-directed antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), has altered the treatment landscape in breast cancer (BC), irrespective of the HR-receptor status. The use of the agent is increasing, despite the finding that exposure to T-DXd increases the risk of interstitial lung disease (ILD), particularly in BC patients. Although T-DXd-related ILD can be potentially severe and life-threatening, most low-grade cases can be treated safely using a multidisciplinary approach comprising early and accurate diagnosis, effective management, close monitoring, and the prompt administration of steroids. Additionally, increasing patients' education on ILD symptoms ensures close attention and enables prompt reporting, enhancing patient outcomes. It is recommended that predictive biomarkers are assessed in patients with risk factors for developing ILD. Currently, diagnostic criteria comprise newly identified pulmonary opacities, the relation of symptom onset to medication initiation, and the exclusion of other causes of ILD. The general condition of patients is weakened during the management of ILD (BC progression and corticosteroid treatment). Consequently, BC chemotherapy might be attenuated. This highlights the importance of preventing (high-grade) ILD, especially since its use is expanded. Identifying high-risk patients, diagnosing, and customizing treatment is, however, challenging and additional information on patient selection is often not fully clarified. In this paper, we provide updated multidisciplinary clinical guidance for patient selection, proactive monitoring, early diagnosis, and effectively management of T-DXd-induced ILD in HER2-positive BC patients. We describe the risk factors for developing ILD, patients' characteristics of ILD, and the histopathological and radiographic characteristics of ILD, including real-world clinical practice reports. These recommendations provide a structured step-by-step approach for managing each suspected BC-related ILD grade.
2023
HER2-negative breast cancer; HER2-positive breast cancer; T-DXd-induced ILD; interstitial lung disease; multidisciplinary guidance; trastuzumab deruxtecan
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/383923
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