Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) represent intriguing technology to harvest human mechanical movements for powering wearable and portable electronics. Differently, compared to conventional fabrication approaches, additive manufacturing can allow the fabrication of TENGs with good dimensional resolution, high reproducibility, and quick production processes and, in particular, the obtainment of complex and customized structures. Among 3D printing technologies, digital light processing (DLP) is well-known for being the most flexible to produce functional devices by controlling both the geometry and the different ingredients of printable resins. On the other hand, DLP was not exploited for TENG fabrication, and consequently, the knowledge of the performance of 3D printable materials as charge accumulators upon friction is limited. Here, the application of the DLP technique to the 3D printing of triboelectric nanogenerators is studied. First, several printable materials have been tested as triboelectric layers to define a triboelectric series of DLP 3D printable materials. Then, TENG devices with increased geometrical complexity were printed, showcasing the ability to harvest energy from human movement. The method presented in this work illustrates how the DLP may represent a valuable and flexible solution to fabricate triboelectric nanogenerators, also providing a triboelectric classification of the most common photocurable resins.

Three-Dimensional Printing of Triboelectric Nanogenerators by Digital Light Processing Technique for Mechanical Energy Harvesting

Chiappone, Annalisa;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) represent intriguing technology to harvest human mechanical movements for powering wearable and portable electronics. Differently, compared to conventional fabrication approaches, additive manufacturing can allow the fabrication of TENGs with good dimensional resolution, high reproducibility, and quick production processes and, in particular, the obtainment of complex and customized structures. Among 3D printing technologies, digital light processing (DLP) is well-known for being the most flexible to produce functional devices by controlling both the geometry and the different ingredients of printable resins. On the other hand, DLP was not exploited for TENG fabrication, and consequently, the knowledge of the performance of 3D printable materials as charge accumulators upon friction is limited. Here, the application of the DLP technique to the 3D printing of triboelectric nanogenerators is studied. First, several printable materials have been tested as triboelectric layers to define a triboelectric series of DLP 3D printable materials. Then, TENG devices with increased geometrical complexity were printed, showcasing the ability to harvest energy from human movement. The method presented in this work illustrates how the DLP may represent a valuable and flexible solution to fabricate triboelectric nanogenerators, also providing a triboelectric classification of the most common photocurable resins.
2023
3D printing; DLP; Energy harvester; Triboelectric nanogenerator; triboelectric series
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/384414
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