From a criminalistic point of view, the accurate dating of biological traces found at the crime scene, together with its compatibility with the estimated crime perpetration timeframe, enables to limit the number of suspects by assessing their alibis and clarifying the sequence of events. The present study delineates, for the first time, the possibility of dating biological fluids such as semen and urine, as well as blood traces, by using a novel nondestructive analytical strategy based on hyperspectral imaging in the near infared region (HSI-NIR), coupled with multivariate regression methods. Investigated aspects of the present study include not only the progressive degradation of the biological trace itself, but also the effects of its interactions with the support on which it is absorbed, in particular the hydrophilic vs. hydrophobic character of fabric tissues. Results are critically discussed, highlighting potential and limitations of the proposed approach for a practical implementation.

Non-destructive age estimation of biological fluid stains: An integrated analytical strategy based on near-infrared hyperspectral imaging and multivariate regression

Manis, Cristina;
2022-01-01

Abstract

From a criminalistic point of view, the accurate dating of biological traces found at the crime scene, together with its compatibility with the estimated crime perpetration timeframe, enables to limit the number of suspects by assessing their alibis and clarifying the sequence of events. The present study delineates, for the first time, the possibility of dating biological fluids such as semen and urine, as well as blood traces, by using a novel nondestructive analytical strategy based on hyperspectral imaging in the near infared region (HSI-NIR), coupled with multivariate regression methods. Investigated aspects of the present study include not only the progressive degradation of the biological trace itself, but also the effects of its interactions with the support on which it is absorbed, in particular the hydrophilic vs. hydrophobic character of fabric tissues. Results are critically discussed, highlighting potential and limitations of the proposed approach for a practical implementation.
2022
Aging estimation
Biological fluid
Forensic analysis
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI)
Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy
Partial least squares (PLS) regression
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/389047
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