Efficient carbon monoxide oxidation is important to reduce its impacts on both human health and the environment. Following a sustainable synthesis route toward new catalysts, nanosized Co3O4 was synthesized based on extracts of microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and Haematococcus pluvialis. Using the metabolites in the extract and applying different calcination temperatures (450, 650, 800 degrees C) led to Co3O4 catalysts with distinctly different properties. The obtained Co3O4 nanomaterials exhibited octahedral, nanosheet, and spherical morphologies with structural defects and surface segregation of phosphorous and potassium, originating from the extracts. The presence of P and K in the oxide nanostructures significantly improved their catalytic CO oxidation activity. When normalized by the specific surface area, the microalgae-derived catalysts exceeded a commercial benchmark catalyst. In situ studies revealed differences in oxygen mobility and carbonate formation during the reaction. The obtained insights may facilitate the development of new synthesis strategies for manufacturing highly active Co3O4 nanocatalysts.

Microalgae-derived Co3O4 nanomaterials for catalytic CO oxidation

Sidorowicz, Agnieszka;Concas, Alessandro;Orru, Roberto;Cao, Giacomo
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2024-01-01

Abstract

Efficient carbon monoxide oxidation is important to reduce its impacts on both human health and the environment. Following a sustainable synthesis route toward new catalysts, nanosized Co3O4 was synthesized based on extracts of microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, and Haematococcus pluvialis. Using the metabolites in the extract and applying different calcination temperatures (450, 650, 800 degrees C) led to Co3O4 catalysts with distinctly different properties. The obtained Co3O4 nanomaterials exhibited octahedral, nanosheet, and spherical morphologies with structural defects and surface segregation of phosphorous and potassium, originating from the extracts. The presence of P and K in the oxide nanostructures significantly improved their catalytic CO oxidation activity. When normalized by the specific surface area, the microalgae-derived catalysts exceeded a commercial benchmark catalyst. In situ studies revealed differences in oxygen mobility and carbonate formation during the reaction. The obtained insights may facilitate the development of new synthesis strategies for manufacturing highly active Co3O4 nanocatalysts.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/391884
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