This study aims to evaluate the enhancement of phytoextraction of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, and Zn) by species Marrubium cuneatum, Stipa arabica, and Verbascum speciosum, through EDTA amendment. Assisted phytoextraction pot experiments were performed at different EDTA dosages (0, 1, 3, and 5 mmol kg(-1) soil). The DTPA-extractable metal content increased in the presence of EDTA, followed by their contents in the tissues of all three studied species. Resulting from oxidative stress, the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) increased when the chelating agent was added. EDTA in higher doses partially decreased chlorophyll concentration, and 5 mmol kg(-1) of that reduced the biomass of the studied species. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) for Cd was notably high in all studied plants and considerably elevated for Zn and Pb with the addition of EDTA in M. cuneatum and S. arabica (BCF > 1), whilst an accumulation factor greater than one (AF > 1) was found for Cd in all species and for Pb in the case of S. arabica. In general, the results demonstrated that EDTA can be an effective amendment for phytoextraction of Cd, Zn, and Pb by M. cuneatum, V. speciosum and S. arabica in contaminated soils.

Chelate facilitated phytoextraction of Pb, Cd, and Zn from a lead–zinc mine contaminated soil by three accumulator plants

Tavili, Ali;Cappai, Giovanna
2023-01-01

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the enhancement of phytoextraction of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, and Zn) by species Marrubium cuneatum, Stipa arabica, and Verbascum speciosum, through EDTA amendment. Assisted phytoextraction pot experiments were performed at different EDTA dosages (0, 1, 3, and 5 mmol kg(-1) soil). The DTPA-extractable metal content increased in the presence of EDTA, followed by their contents in the tissues of all three studied species. Resulting from oxidative stress, the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) increased when the chelating agent was added. EDTA in higher doses partially decreased chlorophyll concentration, and 5 mmol kg(-1) of that reduced the biomass of the studied species. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) for Cd was notably high in all studied plants and considerably elevated for Zn and Pb with the addition of EDTA in M. cuneatum and S. arabica (BCF > 1), whilst an accumulation factor greater than one (AF > 1) was found for Cd in all species and for Pb in the case of S. arabica. In general, the results demonstrated that EDTA can be an effective amendment for phytoextraction of Cd, Zn, and Pb by M. cuneatum, V. speciosum and S. arabica in contaminated soils.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/398963
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