Purpose: To measure the tangential retinal displacement and vision before and after macular pucker surgery and study if pars plana vitrectomy with epiretinal membrane peeling allows the reconstitution of previous anatomy or else it results in a different configuration. Methods: Retrospective series of patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane, with >6-month follow-up before and after surgery, complete with best-corrected visual acuity, optical coherence tomography, M-Charts, and infrared retinography. Tangential retinal displacement between earliest visit (T E ), time of surgery (T 0 ), and latest available visit (T L ) of the examined retina, concentric circles at 0.5, 1.5, and 4.5 mm radii, and the central horizontal and vertical meridians were measured. Tangential displacement was calculated as the optical flow of consecutive infrared photographs. Results: The study comprised 32 patients: 15 men and 17 women. Average preoperative and postoperative follow-up were 23.4 ± 27.9 months and 19.2 ± 11.8 months, respectively. Best-corrected visual acuity reduced before surgery (0.69 ± 0.16 Snellen to 0.46 ± 0.17; P < 0.001) and increased after (0.866 ± 0.16 Snellen; P < 0.001). Horizontal and vertical metamorphopsia increased between before surgery but only horizontal metamorphopsia significantly reduced after. Average tangential displacement before surgery was 35.6 ± 29.9 µ m versus 56.6 ± 41.3 µ m after ( P = 0.023). Preoperative and postoperative displacement within the fovea was less than over the entire area ( P < 0.001). Conclusion: Retinal tangential displacement between diagnosis and surgery (T E - T 0 ) is less than the displacement occurring after surgery (T 0 - T L ). Postoperative displacement does not represent the restoration of the anatomy existing before the disease ensued but rather the resulting equilibrium of newly deployed forces.

Tangential retinal displacement increases after macular pucker surgery: An apparent nonsense

Querzoli G.
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To measure the tangential retinal displacement and vision before and after macular pucker surgery and study if pars plana vitrectomy with epiretinal membrane peeling allows the reconstitution of previous anatomy or else it results in a different configuration. Methods: Retrospective series of patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane, with >6-month follow-up before and after surgery, complete with best-corrected visual acuity, optical coherence tomography, M-Charts, and infrared retinography. Tangential retinal displacement between earliest visit (T E ), time of surgery (T 0 ), and latest available visit (T L ) of the examined retina, concentric circles at 0.5, 1.5, and 4.5 mm radii, and the central horizontal and vertical meridians were measured. Tangential displacement was calculated as the optical flow of consecutive infrared photographs. Results: The study comprised 32 patients: 15 men and 17 women. Average preoperative and postoperative follow-up were 23.4 ± 27.9 months and 19.2 ± 11.8 months, respectively. Best-corrected visual acuity reduced before surgery (0.69 ± 0.16 Snellen to 0.46 ± 0.17; P < 0.001) and increased after (0.866 ± 0.16 Snellen; P < 0.001). Horizontal and vertical metamorphopsia increased between before surgery but only horizontal metamorphopsia significantly reduced after. Average tangential displacement before surgery was 35.6 ± 29.9 µ m versus 56.6 ± 41.3 µ m after ( P = 0.023). Preoperative and postoperative displacement within the fovea was less than over the entire area ( P < 0.001). Conclusion: Retinal tangential displacement between diagnosis and surgery (T E - T 0 ) is less than the displacement occurring after surgery (T 0 - T L ). Postoperative displacement does not represent the restoration of the anatomy existing before the disease ensued but rather the resulting equilibrium of newly deployed forces.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/399923
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