Background: This study aimed to compare keratometry and anterior chamber depth (ACD) changes after XEN implantation in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) cases over a 3-month follow-up period. Methods: Twenty patients with POAG who underwent XEN63 implantation, either standalone or combined with cataract surgery, were included. Preoperative data, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction, gonioscopy, ophthalmoscopy, intraocular pressure (IOP) evaluation, and axial length, were collected. Corneal topography and ACD measurements were assessed preoperatively and at postoperative days 1, 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90. Each patient’s eye that underwent XEN surgery was included in the study group, with the fellow eye serving as a control. Results: In the study group, there was a significant decrease in IOP after XEN stent implantation at all investigated time intervals (p < 0.05). However, changes in mean ACD did not show statistically significant differences at any follow-up examination in both the study and control groups. Additionally, keratometry readings revealed no significant changes in total astigmatism or steep keratometry values in either group. Conclusions: XEN implantation in POAG cases resulted in a significant decrease in IOP over the 3-month follow-up period. However, there were no significant changes observed in mean ACD or keratometry readings, indicating stability in these parameters post-XEN implantation. These findings suggest that XEN implantation may be an effective option for IOP reduction without affecting corneal curvature or ACD in POAG patients.

No Changes in Keratometry Readings and Anterior Chamber Depth after XEN Gel Implantation in Patients with Glaucoma.

Tatti F
Primo
;
Tronci C;Lixi F;Demarinis G;Peiretti E;Fossarello M;Giannaccare G
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to compare keratometry and anterior chamber depth (ACD) changes after XEN implantation in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) cases over a 3-month follow-up period. Methods: Twenty patients with POAG who underwent XEN63 implantation, either standalone or combined with cataract surgery, were included. Preoperative data, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction, gonioscopy, ophthalmoscopy, intraocular pressure (IOP) evaluation, and axial length, were collected. Corneal topography and ACD measurements were assessed preoperatively and at postoperative days 1, 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90. Each patient’s eye that underwent XEN surgery was included in the study group, with the fellow eye serving as a control. Results: In the study group, there was a significant decrease in IOP after XEN stent implantation at all investigated time intervals (p < 0.05). However, changes in mean ACD did not show statistically significant differences at any follow-up examination in both the study and control groups. Additionally, keratometry readings revealed no significant changes in total astigmatism or steep keratometry values in either group. Conclusions: XEN implantation in POAG cases resulted in a significant decrease in IOP over the 3-month follow-up period. However, there were no significant changes observed in mean ACD or keratometry readings, indicating stability in these parameters post-XEN implantation. These findings suggest that XEN implantation may be an effective option for IOP reduction without affecting corneal curvature or ACD in POAG patients.
2024
anterior chamber depth; astigmatism; glaucoma surgery; keratometry; XEN
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/402123
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