OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to compare the type of plaque and the degree of stenosis in the carotid artery bifurcation and the carotid siphon to explore potential correlations between these parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 119 patients (87 men, 32 women; mean age, 69 years) were retrospectively studied using MDCT angiography. Component types of the carotid artery bifurcation and the carotid siphon plaque were defined according to attenuation values, and the volumes of each plaque component were calculated. The degree of stenosis was calculated according to the North American Symptomatic Endarterectomy Trial method. Data were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Spearman correlation analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS. The results of the Wilcoxon test showed a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0001) between the degree of stenosis at the carotid artery bifurcation and that at the carotid siphon. We observed a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0001) between the total volumes of the carotid artery bifurcation (mean value, 748 mm(3)) and the carotid siphon (mean value, 54 mm(3)) plaque. Moreover, the respective mean percentages of calcified, mixed, and lipid components of plaque were 17%, 56%, and 27% in the carotid artery bifurcation and 73%, 19%, and 8% in the carotid siphon, showing a statistically significant difference (p = 0.001). ROC analysis did not show association between carotid siphon plaque volume and previous cerebrovascular events (Az = 0.562; p = 0.149), whereas the total volume of the carotid artery bifurcation plaque-and, in particular, the volume of the lipid components-showed a statistically significant association (Az = 0.691, and Az = 0.758; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION. No significant association was found between presence of mixed and fatty components of plaque in the carotid artery bifurcation and presence of similar components in the carotid siphon. The carotid artery bifurcation total plaque volume (and, in particular, carotid artery bifurcation lipid volume) was associated with previous cerebrovascular events, whereas no association with the volume of carotid siphon plaque (and its subcomponents) was found

Differences in plaque morphology and correlation of stenosis at the carotid artery bifurcation and the carotid siphon

SABA, LUCA;PIGA, MARIO
2013-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to compare the type of plaque and the degree of stenosis in the carotid artery bifurcation and the carotid siphon to explore potential correlations between these parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 119 patients (87 men, 32 women; mean age, 69 years) were retrospectively studied using MDCT angiography. Component types of the carotid artery bifurcation and the carotid siphon plaque were defined according to attenuation values, and the volumes of each plaque component were calculated. The degree of stenosis was calculated according to the North American Symptomatic Endarterectomy Trial method. Data were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Spearman correlation analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS. The results of the Wilcoxon test showed a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0001) between the degree of stenosis at the carotid artery bifurcation and that at the carotid siphon. We observed a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0001) between the total volumes of the carotid artery bifurcation (mean value, 748 mm(3)) and the carotid siphon (mean value, 54 mm(3)) plaque. Moreover, the respective mean percentages of calcified, mixed, and lipid components of plaque were 17%, 56%, and 27% in the carotid artery bifurcation and 73%, 19%, and 8% in the carotid siphon, showing a statistically significant difference (p = 0.001). ROC analysis did not show association between carotid siphon plaque volume and previous cerebrovascular events (Az = 0.562; p = 0.149), whereas the total volume of the carotid artery bifurcation plaque-and, in particular, the volume of the lipid components-showed a statistically significant association (Az = 0.691, and Az = 0.758; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION. No significant association was found between presence of mixed and fatty components of plaque in the carotid artery bifurcation and presence of similar components in the carotid siphon. The carotid artery bifurcation total plaque volume (and, in particular, carotid artery bifurcation lipid volume) was associated with previous cerebrovascular events, whereas no association with the volume of carotid siphon plaque (and its subcomponents) was found
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/53280
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