Using [3H] diazepam as ligand, it is possible to distinguish neuronal binding sites from those present on glial elements and in peripheral tissues (non-neuronal). The function of the 'non-neuronal' binding sites is still obscure. Preliminary data showed a distribution of [3H] diazepam binding sites in kidney that could suggest a localization along the renal tubules. This is the site at which a renal peptide, arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is supposed to act. In an attempt to examine the function of these 'non-neuronal' sites, we studied the [3H] diazepam binding in kidney of Brattleboro rats which lack AVP and present the symptoms of diabetes insipidus. The homozygous Brattleboro rats showed an increase in the apparent number of benzodiazepine binding sites (Bmax) compared to Long-Evans control rats. Replacement of AVP in these animals results in a reversal of the electrolyte alterations of diabetes insipidus and in an increase of the affinity of the [3H] diazepam binding. These findings may indicate a possible relationship between benzodiazepine binding sites and vasopressin action in kidney and may support receptor function of these 'non-neuronal' binding sites.

Peripheral benzodiazepine binding sites in kidney: modifications by diabetes insipidus

DEL ZOMPO, MARIA;
1984

Abstract

Using [3H] diazepam as ligand, it is possible to distinguish neuronal binding sites from those present on glial elements and in peripheral tissues (non-neuronal). The function of the 'non-neuronal' binding sites is still obscure. Preliminary data showed a distribution of [3H] diazepam binding sites in kidney that could suggest a localization along the renal tubules. This is the site at which a renal peptide, arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is supposed to act. In an attempt to examine the function of these 'non-neuronal' sites, we studied the [3H] diazepam binding in kidney of Brattleboro rats which lack AVP and present the symptoms of diabetes insipidus. The homozygous Brattleboro rats showed an increase in the apparent number of benzodiazepine binding sites (Bmax) compared to Long-Evans control rats. Replacement of AVP in these animals results in a reversal of the electrolyte alterations of diabetes insipidus and in an increase of the affinity of the [3H] diazepam binding. These findings may indicate a possible relationship between benzodiazepine binding sites and vasopressin action in kidney and may support receptor function of these 'non-neuronal' binding sites.
Benzodiazepines; Kidney; Diabetes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/6725
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