Because 1-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyridinium ion (MPP+) appears to damage the dopaminergic neuron and cause neuronal death, we characterized [3H]MPP+ binding sites in mouse brain membranes. Among several compounds tested, debrisoquin [3,4-dihydro-2(1H)-isoquinolinecarboxamidine] and some analogues were able to antagonize [3H]MPP+ binding. Debrisoquin is able to block adrenergic transmission and inhibit the activity of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A). We found that a certain correlation between the ability of these agents to displace [3H]MPP+ from its binding sites and their capacity to inhibit MAO-A activity. These data and the finding of a higher number of [3H]MPP+ binding sites in human placenta compared to mouse brain suggest that these sites may correspond to MAO-A enzymes. Recently it has been demonstrated in human brain that neurons in regions rich in catecholamines are positive for MAO-A. Accordingly, we suggest MAO-A as a possible accumulation site of MPP+ within the dopaminergic neuron. We also indicate the chemical structural requirement associated with the best binding of debrisoquin analogues with [3H]MPP+ sites. It would be reasonable to test the effects of debrisoquinlike drugs able to pass the blood-brain barrier on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine toxicity.

3H-MPP+ binding sites in mouse brain: pharmacological nad biological characterization

DEL ZOMPO, MARIA;
1990

Abstract

Because 1-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyridinium ion (MPP+) appears to damage the dopaminergic neuron and cause neuronal death, we characterized [3H]MPP+ binding sites in mouse brain membranes. Among several compounds tested, debrisoquin [3,4-dihydro-2(1H)-isoquinolinecarboxamidine] and some analogues were able to antagonize [3H]MPP+ binding. Debrisoquin is able to block adrenergic transmission and inhibit the activity of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A). We found that a certain correlation between the ability of these agents to displace [3H]MPP+ from its binding sites and their capacity to inhibit MAO-A activity. These data and the finding of a higher number of [3H]MPP+ binding sites in human placenta compared to mouse brain suggest that these sites may correspond to MAO-A enzymes. Recently it has been demonstrated in human brain that neurons in regions rich in catecholamines are positive for MAO-A. Accordingly, we suggest MAO-A as a possible accumulation site of MPP+ within the dopaminergic neuron. We also indicate the chemical structural requirement associated with the best binding of debrisoquin analogues with [3H]MPP+ sites. It would be reasonable to test the effects of debrisoquinlike drugs able to pass the blood-brain barrier on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine toxicity.
[3H]1-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyridinium ion binding sites; Debrisoquin; Monoamine oxidase A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/6736
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