The modification of the dermorphin-(1-4)-tetrapeptide structure led to analogues with potent opioid activity in vitro and in vivo. [Sar4]Tetrapeptides such as H2N-CH(NH)-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Sar-D-NH-CH(CH3)C6H5 (VII) whose terminal amino group is replaced by the guanidino function and whose C-terminus is amidated by (R)-(+)-alpha-methylbenzylamine, show peripheral and central opioid activities comparable to or higher than those of dermorphin. The potency of VII in the different tests was as follows: guinea-pig ileum (GPI) IC50 = 0.09nM, mouse Vas deferens (MVD) IC50 = 0.69nM, tail-flick ED50 = 8.91 pmol/mouse, i.c.v. and 4.54 mumol/kg, s.c. This dermorphin-(1-4)-tetrapeptide derivative is about 650 and 950 times as active as morphine in the two in vitro tests, respectively. The MVD/GPI potency ratio of the new peptides suggests a mu-type agonist behaviour.

Synthesis and opioid activity of [Sar4]dermorphin-tetrapeptide analogues

BALBONI, GIANFRANCO;
1984

Abstract

The modification of the dermorphin-(1-4)-tetrapeptide structure led to analogues with potent opioid activity in vitro and in vivo. [Sar4]Tetrapeptides such as H2N-CH(NH)-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Sar-D-NH-CH(CH3)C6H5 (VII) whose terminal amino group is replaced by the guanidino function and whose C-terminus is amidated by (R)-(+)-alpha-methylbenzylamine, show peripheral and central opioid activities comparable to or higher than those of dermorphin. The potency of VII in the different tests was as follows: guinea-pig ileum (GPI) IC50 = 0.09nM, mouse Vas deferens (MVD) IC50 = 0.69nM, tail-flick ED50 = 8.91 pmol/mouse, i.c.v. and 4.54 mumol/kg, s.c. This dermorphin-(1-4)-tetrapeptide derivative is about 650 and 950 times as active as morphine in the two in vitro tests, respectively. The MVD/GPI potency ratio of the new peptides suggests a mu-type agonist behaviour.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/6789
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