A modified Poisson-Boltzmann analysis is made of the double layer interaction between two silica surfaces and two alumina surfaces in chloride electrolyte. The analysis incorporates nonelectrostatic ion-surface dispersion interactions based on ab initio ionic excess polarizabilities with finite ion sizes. A hydration model for the tightly held hydration shell of kosmotropic ions is introduced. A direct Hofmeister series (K > Na > Li) is found at the silica surface while the reversed series (Li > Na > K) is found at alumina, bringing theory in line with experiment for the first time. Calculations with unhydrated ions also suggest that surface-induced dehydration may be occurring at the alumina surface.

Why Direct or Reversed Hofmeister Series? Interplay of Hydration, Non-electrostatic Potentials, and Ion Size

PARSONS DF;SALIS, ANDREA;
2010

Abstract

A modified Poisson-Boltzmann analysis is made of the double layer interaction between two silica surfaces and two alumina surfaces in chloride electrolyte. The analysis incorporates nonelectrostatic ion-surface dispersion interactions based on ab initio ionic excess polarizabilities with finite ion sizes. A hydration model for the tightly held hydration shell of kosmotropic ions is introduced. A direct Hofmeister series (K > Na > Li) is found at the silica surface while the reversed series (Li > Na > K) is found at alumina, bringing theory in line with experiment for the first time. Calculations with unhydrated ions also suggest that surface-induced dehydration may be occurring at the alumina surface.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/70544
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